Categories

Category: UNITED States. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION AND THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT: COMPETING IDEOLOGIES

    1/1/05 - Nichols, Dan J.

    Focuses on the difference between the Brown versus Board of Education decision and the U.S. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Approaches to segregation; Historical background of the Brown case; Principles underlying NCLB.

  • Districtwide Instructional Reform: Using Sociocultural Theory to Link Professional Learning to Organizational Support

    1/1/08 - Gallucci, Chrysan

    No Child Left Behind Act accountability pressures and calls to close achievement gaps between groups of students have challenged school districts to achieve systemwide instructional improvement. These policies create learning challenges for classroom teachers and for school and district leaders. This article engages questions about organizational support for professional learning in the context of reform initiatives. A theoretical lens--called the Vygotsky Space--is used to analyze case...

  • Exacerbating inequality: the failed promise of the No Child Left Behind Act

    1/1/07 - Hursh, David

    The passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) marks the largest intervention of the federal government into education in the history of the United States. NCLB received and continues to receive support, in part because it promises to improve student learning and to close the achievement gap between White students and students of color. However, NCLB has failed to live up to its promises and may exacerbate inequality. Furthermore, by focusing on education as the solution to social and...

  • No Child Left Behind: Who Wins? Who Loses?

    1/1/05 - Arce, Josephine, Luna, Debra, Borjian, Ali, Conrad, Marguerite

    The article focuses on the 2002 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, signed by U.S. President George W. Bush, focusing on policy and distribution of funds to public schools. Proponents of the act claim that it aims to close the achievement gap by holding school districts and states accountable, encouraging the use of flexible educational approaches, and supporting parents' rights to school choice. However, one question arises about the means by which the U.S. administration's public school...

  • Race, inequality and educational accountability: the irony of 'No Child Left Behind'

    1/1/07 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    The No Child Left Behind Act, the major education initiative of the Bush Administration, was intended to raise educational achievement and close the racial/ethnic achievement gap. Its strategies include focusing schools' attention on raising test scores, mandating better qualified teachers and providing educational choice. Unfortunately, the complex requirements of the law have failed to achieve these goals, and have provoked a number of unintended negative consequences which frequently harm...

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • So Many Children Left Behind

    1/1/07 - Stiefel, Leanna, Schwartz, Amy Ellen, Chellman, Colin C.

    Although the No Child Left Behind Act was intended to help "all students meet high academic standards," it is focused on subgroups of low-achieving students. The authors analyze the possible impact of the legislation's requirement for performance reporting by racial subgroup in light of the considerable racial segregation in U.S. schools. In particular, using data on elementary and middle schools in New York State. the authors show that the schools are so highly segregated that more than...

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • Which Achievement Gap?

    1/1/07 - Anderson, Sharon, Medrich, Elliott, Fowler, Donna

    The article explores the nature of the achievement gap and its relationship to Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The author suggests that while racial elements are certainly present, the common understanding of the gap should extend beyond racial reconciliation and aim at all students which struggle in documented areas. It is implied that the NCLB and AYP set up unfair comparisons between schools at different levels of development. Paradigms...

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