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Category: UNITED States

  • Untitled Record

    1/1/03 - Nerad, Julie Cary

    Discusses the calcification of race system into a visual epistemology of racial difference based largely on skin color in the U.S. Incapability of racial identity to reduce the cultural and psychological significance of race; Justification of systemic inequity and violence; Sense of identity based on family, wealth, education and others.

  • "PRACTICING WHAT WE PREACH: AN ARGUMENT FOR COOPERATIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATORS"

    1/1/05 - Coke, Pamela K.

    Van Allen (1996) supports a paradigm shift in how Americans think about education, from a view of school as hierarchy to school as continuum. While the relationship between elementary and secondary education is not always visible, teachers can model cooperative learning for students by working as a team across grade levels to solve problems, complete tasks, and accomplish common goals, such as reducing gaps and redundancies in education. Schools could respond more productively to elementary...

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

  • According to Jim: The Disproportions of Abilities

    1/1/09 - Gallagher, James J.

    The article discusses the factors involved on the issue about disproportion which refers to the absence of minority students in the classroom of gifted students in the U.S. One main factor is an assumption of equality in ability between ethnic and racial groups at birth with no superior races involved. The author explains that the country's educational system is facing real differences in the development of intellectual abilities of students by school age which is a morally and socially...

  • Achieving Educational Equality Through Curriculum Desegregation

    1/1/90 - Gay, Geneva

    Deals with how to school curricula should be reformed to equalize educational opportunities for culturally different students in the U.S. Emergence of a dual system of access to knowledge and accountability for performance; Persistence of unequal learning opportunities; Discussion on the general pattern of curriculum; Direction of curricula development.

  • Achieving inclusion through CLAD: Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue

    1/1/08 - Fitch, E. Frank, Hulgin, Kathleen M.

    This study measures the effectiveness of Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue (CLAD) on reading achievement in inclusive classrooms in the USA. The CLAD process involved students collaboratively completing multiple-choice quizzes, using dialogue and critical thinking to reach consensus and receiving immediate feedback on their responses. The procedure was implemented in three third-grade classrooms (n = 30) in a midwestern elementary school for the purpose of reducing a...

  • AFRICAN AMERICAN PARENTS IN THE SEARCH STAGE OF COLLEGE CHOICE

    1/1/06 - Smith, Michael J., Fleming, Michael K.

    A serious imbalance exists in today's African American undergraduate student population in which the number of women far outnumber the number of men. Although at the macro level, political, sociological, and economic forces frame this gender enrollment gap, scant research has explored microlevel influences such as parents and parenting. This study uses a qualitative methodology and Hossler's model of college choice to examine African American parent involvement during the search stage. The...

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    The article discusses literacy issues in U.S. urban schools, including the literacy achievement gap and the curriculum gap. The literacy achievement gap refers to the disparity in academic achievement between different groups. The curriculum gap refers to the current reforms related to early literacy instruction, resulting in the absence of or insufficient attention to curriculum elements critical for success in reading and writing. The measures taken by the government to address these...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Blacks Reduce Educational Gap

    1/1/90

    This article discusses a report issued by the Commerce Department's Census Bureau concerning the educational gap in the U.S. from 1978 to 1988. About 75 percent of African Americans and 82 percent of Whites aged 18 to 24 were high school graduates in 1988. The proportions in 1978 were 68 percent for African Americans and 83 percent for Whites. The gap between the proportion of African Americans and White high school graduates narrowed significantly from 1978 to 1988, while annual dropout...

  • BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION AND THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT: COMPETING IDEOLOGIES

    1/1/05 - Nichols, Dan J.

    Focuses on the difference between the Brown versus Board of Education decision and the U.S. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Approaches to segregation; Historical background of the Brown case; Principles underlying NCLB.

  • Building The Movement To End Educational Inequity

    1/1/08 - Kopp, Wendy

    This article explores the efforts and success of the Teach for America (TFA) program. The author examines the disparities in education and achievement that exist between poor and affluent communities and claims that national policy and practice are not designed to combat the problems poor schools face. The author notes that TFA has shown that when students from poor schools are provided with the opportunities students from affluent communities have, they succeed. The author discusses the...

  • Caps and Gowns: Historical Reflections on the Institutions That Shaped Learning for and at Work

    1/1/99 - Hansen, Hal Eugene

    Answers why and how Germany and the United States institutionalized radically different educational and training systems. Principal goals of the project; Practice of apprenticeship within the agriculturally oriented household economies; Informal, tacit character of workplace education and training in workshops and factories; Institutionalization of vocational education and training at the national levels in Germany and the United States.

  • Changing Students, Changing Teaching

    1/1/00 - Stodolsky, Susan S., Grossman, Pamela L.

    Educators are searching for effective ways to meet the challenges posed by increased cultural diversity among students. We explore this issue at the high school level where concerns about subject matter and student diversity intersect sharply. A case study approach, augmented by a large sample survey, is used to understand the dynamics of adaptation to a changing student population. We document adaptations in curriculum, instruction, and assessment made by math and English teachers. We...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Lessons From Illinois' Golden Spike High-Poverty High-Performing Schools

    1/1/04 - McGee, Glenn W.

    The achievement gap is the single most critical issue in American education. This study illustrates the difference in academic performance between low-income children and their peers, between minority children and their classmates, and between those schools that serve a majority of children from low-income families and those that serve a more advantaged population. Using a research framework, the author identifies and examines Golden Spike schools-Illinois schools that have a sustained...

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