Categories

Category: Social capital

  • Black-White Differences in Achievement: The Importance of Wealth

    1/1/03 - Orr, Amy J.

    In this article, the author argues that wealth, which is an indicator of both financial and human capital, can affect academic achievement, as well as help to explain the gap in black-white test scores. Analyses reveal that wealth affects achievement through its effect on the amount of cultural capital to which a child is exposed. Because blacks have substantially less wealth than do whites, wealth can help to explain a portion of the racial achievement gap. The implications of the findings...

  • Counterfeit Social Capital and Mexican-American Underachievement

    1/1/03 - Ream, Robert K.

    A critical issue facing U.S. schools and one with broad social implication is the persistent disparity in educational achievement between racial/ethnic groups. The achievement gap may be particularly pronounced for Mexican-Americans who constitute the vast majority of U.S. Latinos and are among the most educationally at risk of all Latino subgroups. By employing mixed-methods research techniques, this study shows that social network instability accompanying high mobility rates may contribute...

  • Parent Involvement, Cultural Capital, and the Achievement Gap Among Elementary School Children

    1/1/06 - Lee, Jung-Sook, Bowen, Natasha K.

    This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents with different demographic...

  • The roles of parenting styles and social capital in the school performance of immigrant Asian and Hispanic adolescents

    1/1/05 - Pong, Suet-ling, Hao, Lingxin, Gardner, Erica

    Objective: This study investigates the role of parenting styles and social capital (parental involvement, intergenerational closure, expectation, and trust) in accounting for school performance among ethnic groups and across immigrant generations. Methods: Using data from the Adolescent Health Survey, we estimate fixed-effects models to analyze students' grade-point averages. We compare three generations of Asian students and three generations of Hispanic students to the third-generation...

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