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Category: School Students

  • A different view of the IQ-achievement gap

    1/1/76 - Gordon, Margaret T.

    Investigated the relationship between children's IQ and scholastic achievement scores and race, occupational attainment, and social mobility of their parents. The IQ and achievement test scores of 1,102 Chicago area 5th and 6th graders--Black and White, middle- and working-class--were aggregated into 7 cohorts of approximately equal IQ scores. Within these cohorts differences in achievement emerged which could not be attributed to race- or class-linked intellectual discrepancies. Among Ss...

  • Parent Involvement, Cultural Capital, and the Achievement Gap Among Elementary School Children

    1/1/06 - Lee, Jung-Sook, Bowen, Natasha K.

    This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with t tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents with different demographic...

  • Reassessing the "Burden of 'Acting White'": The Importance of Peer Groups in Managing Academic Success

    1/1/03 - Horvat, Erin McNamara, Lewis, Kristine S.

    In 1986 Fordham and Ogbu introduced the idea that Black students continue to underperform in school because of their cultural opposition to "acting White." This notion of the burden of acting White and Ogbu's cultural ecological theory more broadly have provided one of the dominant theories used to explain the Black-White achievement gap. The research presented here offers a reassessment of the burden of acting White and directs researchers to examine the variation to be found in high school...

  • Rethinking gender differences in literacy

    1/1/99 - Gambell, Trevor J., Hunter, Darryl M.

    Gender equity initiatives in schools, curricula, and resources, especially reading materials, are intended to resolve equity problems that have withheld opportunity for female students. However, recent literacy assessment in Canada and other part of the world reveal differential patterns in males' and females' achievement in reading and writing. Females outperform males in all areas of reading and writing at the elementary, middle, and secondary levels, and this literacy gap does not narrow...

  • Review of Black American students in an affluent suburb: A study of academic disengagement

    1/1/05 - Drain, J. Denise

    Reviews the book, <i>Black American students in an affluent suburb: A study of academic disengagement</i> by J. U. Ogbu (see record 2003-04692-000). The purpose of this book is to report findings of a research project that investigated the achievement gap between African American and White students in the community of Shaker Heights, OH. The topic of the racial achievement gap is quite current and interesting to many school administrators, government agencies, and community leaders. The...

  • The Academic Achievement Gap Between Blacks and Whites: The Latest Version of Blaming the Victim?

    1/1/04 - Horton, Arthur

    This paper considers the academic achievement gap between African American and White students at the elementary and high school levels. It attempts to determine if race or lower socioeconomic status impact results of standardized test results at high performing and low performing schools. It presents research involving regression analysis of data for the state of Illinois. Results indicate race is not a negative factor at high performing or low performing schools for both elementary or high...

  • The cultural gap hypothesis as an explanation for the achievement patterns of Mexican-American students

    1/1/87 - Buenning, Meredith, Tollefson, Nona

    Investigated the hypothesis that the academic achievement of Mexican-American students could be explained in part by a conflict in the values of Mexican-American and Anglo-American cultures. 56 Mexican-American and 57 Anglo-American 5th-8th grade students, their parents, and teachers reported their adherence to traditional school values and their view of the importance of field-independent behaviors to success in school. Differences in perceptions and values were observed between cultures...

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