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Category: STUDENTS -- Economic conditions

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Confronting the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Gardner, David

    The article gives an in-depth look at the achievement gap in the United States educational system in terms of racial divisions. Claims that the gap does not exist are denounced by the author, citing problems of unequal funding and inherent racial prejudices still present in the system. Sociological causes for the discrepancy are listed, such as poverty, generational ideologies and long term effects from racist historical practices. The confrontation of these issues on a national level are...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter Ii, Dick M., Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    For decades, researchers examined the ‘achievement gap’ between minority and nonminority students. This singular definition of achievement gap ignores important within-group differences. This article uses National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) data to examine within-group differences and compares those across Latino, African American, and White populations. Results question the singular definition of achievement gap. Given the importance of how issues are defined, a singular...

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • The Structure and Culture of Information Pathways: Rethinking Opportunity to Learn in Urban High Schools during the Ninth Grade Transition

    1/1/07 - Cooper, Robert, Liou, Daniel D.

    Despite efforts to bridge the racial achievement gap, far too many school children continue to fare poorly in our nation's public schools. Oftentimes urban and low income students are negatively labeled as low-achieving, disadvantaged, and struggling. Because of this, such students frequently receive inferior or deficient information from school officials. This study examines the role of high school counselors as distributors of information and the role they play in influencing students'...

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