Category: Race differences

  • Race-ethnicity, SES, gender, and language proficiency trends in mathematics achievement: an update

    1/1/97 - Tate, William F.

    The purpose of this article is to document changes in U.S. mathematics achievement by reviewing national trend studies, college admissions examinations, and Advanced Placement tests. This article examined this quantitative research literature to determine trends in mathematics achievement of various social groups defined along lines of race, class, gender, ethnicity, and language proficiency. The findings of this review indicate that over the last 15 years all demographic groups have...

  • Reducing the Gap: Success for All and the Achievement of African American Students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Part of a special issue on research and its impact on educational policy and practice. A study evaluated the efficacy of using the Success for All (SFA) program with African-American students. Data were obtained from over 40 studies. The results indicate that there are two mechanisms by which SFA might reduce the achievement gap. First, the clear, powerful, and widely replicated effects of the program imply that if SFA were disproportionally applied to schools serving many African-American...

  • Six Ways of Looking at the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Daniels, Harvey

    Six thoughts on the achievement gap that resulted from a talk by Katie Haycock, the director of The Education Trust, are provided.

  • Special Education and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Harper, Frederick D. ed

    A special section on special education and the achievement gap is provided. Articles discuss African-American student representation in special education programs, increasing positive outcomes for African-American males in special education with the use of guided notes, a case study of the experiences of an African-American male learning mathematics in the traditional and online classroom, and testing, school reform, the No Child Left Behind Act, and implications for students of color in...

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American students...

  • The 2007 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation: Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    A study investigated the ways in which race is implicated to deal with the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Based on the evaluation of theoretical and historical issues that have framed the association between race and intellectual ability, this analysis provided an explanation of why the effort to close the achievement gap was politically and socially significant. To demonstrate why some schools are making progress in closing the achievement gap while others are not, the efforts of two...

  • The black-white "achievement gap" as a perennial challenge of urban science education: a sociocultural and historical overview with implications for research and practice

    1/1/01 - Norman, Obed, Ault, Charles R., Jr., Bentz, Bonnie

    A perennial challenge for urban education in the United States is finding effective ways to address the academic achievement gap between African American and White students. There is widespread and justified concern about the persistence of the achievement gap. In fact, historical evidence suggests that this achievement gap has existed at various times for groups other than African Americans. What conditions prevailed when this achievement gap existed for these other groups? Conversely...

  • The Black-White Achievement Gap: Do State Policies Matter?

    1/1/06 - Braun, Henry I., Wang, Aubrey, Jenkins, Frank

    A longstanding issue in American education is the gap in academic achievement between majority and minority students. The goal of this study is to accumulate and evaluate evidence on the relationship between state education policies and changes in the Black-White achievement gap, while addressing some of the methodological issues that have led to differences in interpretations of earlier findings. To that end, we consider the experiences of ten states that together enroll more than forty...

  • The Black-White Gap in Mathematics Course Taking

    1/1/09 - Kelly, Sean

    Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, this study investigated differences in the mathematics course taking of white and black students. Because of lower levels of achievement, prior course taking, and lower socioeconomic status, black students are much more likely than are white students to be enrolled in low-track mathematics courses by the 10th grade. Using multilevel models for categorical outcomes, the study found that the black-white gap in mathematics course taking...

  • The Black-White-Other Achievement Gap: Testing Theories of Academic Performance Among Multiracial and Monoracial Adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

  • The effects of ability grouping on the ethnic achievement gap in Israeli elementary schools

    1/1/89 - Willms, J. Douglas, Chen, Michael
  • The effects of school desegregation policies upon the achievement gap between African American and white students in the Norfolk public schools

    1/1/94 - Ikpa, Vivian
  • The Mathematics and Science Achievement Gap Between Resegregated and Desegregated Schools

    1/1/03 - Ikpa, V. W.

    During the 1990s many school districts abandoned school desegregation initiatives and quietly resegregated the public schools. In 1986, the city of Norfolk ended mandated busing for desegregation and returned to neighborhood schools. This shift resulted in the creation of 11 schools that were more than 95 percent African American. After 17 years of resegregation, the achievement gap between resegregated schools and desegregated schools continues to exist. The purpose of this paper is to...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    A study investigated the achievement gap between Asian American and White students in the lower and upper tails of the academic achievement distribution to clarify whether the achievement gap between the two groups differs by achievement level. Data were obtained from four national probability samples of high school seniors to investigate Asian American-White differences in achievement from 1972 to 1992. Findings revealed that the Asian American-White gap is more evident in mathematics than...

  • Urban School Achievement Gap as a Metaphor to Conceal U.S. Apartheid Education

    1/1/07 - Cross, Beverly E.

    Part of a special issue on urban education. The writer critiques the metaphor of the achievement gap between poor students in urban schools and their suburban, white middle-class counterparts. She argues that this achievement gap metaphor conceals the reality of an apartheid education system, capturing imagination and consciousness about minority groups while veiling cultural superiority, cultural imperialism, and unearned white privilege.

  • Why the gap between black and white performance in school?: a report on the effects of race on student achievement in the St. Louis public schools

    1/1/97 - Trent, William T.

    Part of a special issue on the St. Louis example of the role of social science in school desegregation efforts. In a report submitted to the district court in the 1996 Liddell hearings, the writer discusses the effects of race on student achievement in St. Louis public schools. In the St. Louis school district, black students perform less well on the Stanford Achievement Test in both reading and mathematics than their white peers. This race effect persists even when control measures such as...

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