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Category: Race differences

  • A Closer Look at Black-White Mathematics Gaps: Intersections of Race and SES in NAEP Achievement and Instructional Practices Data

    1/1/02 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    A study investigated the disparities between white and African-American students' mathematics performance, with attention to interactions between race and socioeconomic status (SES). Data were obtained from the 1990, 1996, and 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Although the results revealed substantial achievement gaps between African-American students and their white counterparts--such as 12th grade African-American students scoring below 8th grade white students--an analysis...

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2006: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Donlevy, Jim

    There are still far too many poor and minority children being educated in schools with inadequate resources and poorly trained and uncertified staff. Sadly, educational results for children in such schools are significantly below those of children in better-funded schools and districts. This article reviews recent New Year's resolutions made in the Journal and calls for "Closing the Achievement Gap" as the New Year's resolution for 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.
  • An Analysis of the Performance Gap Between American Indian and Anglo Students in the New York State Fourth and Eighth Grade Mathematics Assessments

    1/1/05 - Marchand, Richard, Pickreign, Jamar, Howard, Keary

    This study explores differences in mathematics assessment results between American Indian students in Western New York and their Anglo peers. The sample consisted of 2,256 fourth grade students (Native=323 Anglo=1933) and 2,475 eighth grade students (Native=353 Anglo=2122). Scores from New York State's Fourth and Eighth Grade Math Assessments were examined to identify areas of mathematics that contribute to the gap in performance. Analysis of scores indicated that 58[percent] of Native...

  • An Early Gap in Black-White Mathematics Achievement: Holding School and Home Accountable in an Affluent City School District

    1/1/03 - Hughes, Sherick A.

    A study investigated the effect of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the mathematics scores of third-grade students. Data were obtained from 687 students in an affluent city school district in North Carolina. Findings suggested that ethnicity and socioeconomic status had a significant effect on third-grade students' mathematics scores. Moreover, findings indicated that strong social forces sustained the achievement gap between African-American and white students, even when affluent...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie

    Abstract. There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • At Risk Children in Resegregated Schools: An Analysis of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/03 - Ikpa, V. W.
  • Beyond the Laboratory: Evaluating the Survey Evidence for the Disidentification Explanation of Black-White Differences in Achievement

    1/1/04 - Morgan, Stephen L., Mehta, Jal D.

    The black-white gap in achievement, as measured by performance on standardized tests, has received considerable attention from researchers in the past five years. Claude Steele's stereotype threat and disidentification mechanism is perhaps the most heralded of the new explanations for residual racial differences that persist after adjustments for social background are performed. Analyzing data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, we found qualified support for portions of the...

  • Black-White Differences in Achievement: The Importance of Wealth

    1/1/03 - Orr, Amy J.

    In this article, the author argues that wealth, which is an indicator of both financial and human capital, can affect academic achievement, as well as help to explain the gap in black-white test scores. Analyses reveal that wealth affects achievement through its effect on the amount of cultural capital to which a child is exposed. Because blacks have substantially less wealth than do whites, wealth can help to explain a portion of the racial achievement gap. The implications of the findings...

  • Brown Plus 50 Counter-Storytelling: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the "Majoritarian Achievement Gap" Story

    1/1/04 - Love, Barbara J.

    Part of a special issue on the 50th anniversary of the first Brown decision. The writer uses Critical Race Theory to analyze current discussions of the "achievement gap" as the latest incarnation of the "white intellectual superiority/African American intellectual inferiority" notion that is a mainstay of "majoritarian storytelling" in U.S. culture. She employs critical race counter-story to chronicle the historical development and maintenance of the "achievement gap," along with efforts of...

  • Can Technology Narrow the Black-White Achievement Gap?

    1/1/05 - Beglau, Monica M.

    The significant gains that have been made in the achievement of African-American students in Missouri may be the result of a collaborative education program called enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS), which uses technology to make a difference in student achievement. Focusing on the expectation that all students can attain higher performance levels, eMINTS includes mechanisms for increasing quality parental involvement and provides teachers with...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05

    Technology makes the assessment of student achievement based on ethnicity more precise and faster and can create and store a huge amount of remediation activities. Furthermore, technology can engage students in alternative teaching and learning that is customized to students' individual learning styles and standards. Examples of the use of technology to help close the achievement gap in West Virginia and Louisiana are provided.

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer A., Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: How Gifted Education Can Help

    1/1/06 - Ford, Donna Y.

    The writer discusses how gifted education can help close the achievement gap. She suggests that the underrepresentation of black and Latino students in gifted education should be discussed in efforts to both understand and close the achievement gap, asserts that too little attention has been paid to the achievement gap problem in gifted education, and proposes that although dozens of variables have been reported as contributing substantively to the achievement gap, increasing access to...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter, Dick M., II, Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    Analyzing data on 15,618 12th-grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study, a study examined within-group differences in achievement across Latino, Caucasian, and African-American student populations. Findings revealed multiple achievement gaps within and between ethnic groups, with similar variables contributing to within-group achievement gaps across all three groups. Ethnicity did not alter the importance of certain variables in academic achievement, variables such as...

  • Parent Involvement, Cultural Capital, and the Achievement Gap Among Elementary School Children

    1/1/06 - Lee, Jung-Sook, Bowen, Natasha K.

    This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents with different demographic...

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