Categories

Category: RACE discrimination

  • Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education

    1/1/03

    A special section on measuring racial disparities and discrimination in education is presented. Articles discuss the degree to which racial disparities in education are the result of racial discrimination; the formal legal definitions of race discrimination in education, how those definitions are applied in various contexts and cases, and the role that social science evidence has played and could play in the cases; racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that...

  • Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Elementary and Secondary Education: An Introduction

    1/1/03 - Dabady, Marilyn

    Part of a special section on measuring racial disparities and discrimination in elementary and secondary education. A brief preview of the articles contained in the special section is provided. The articles were originally presented at the National Research Council Workshop on Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Elementary and Secondary Education, which was held in July 2002.

  • Race, School Achievement, and Educational Inequality: Toward a Student-Based Inquiry Perspective

    1/1/07 - Wiggan, Greg

    Over the past four decades, there have been numerous discussions on student achievement and school failure. Within this time, the debate over the causes and consequences of racial differences in achievement has been at the heart of the nation's social and political life. The author discusses the major developments in achievement research over the past century and examines the foremost explanations given for racial differences in school performance, namely, genetic deficiency, social class...

  • Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education: What Do We Know, How Do We Know It, and What Do We Need to Know?

    1/1/03 - Farkas, George

    This paper reviews what we have learned about racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that might be attributable to discrimination. Empirical studies have found that, on average, African American, Latino, and American Indian children arrive at kindergarten or first grade with lower levels of oral language, prereading, and premathematics skills, as well as lesser general knowledge, than that possessed by White and Asian American children. African American...

  • When Are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective

    1/1/03 - Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

    In this article I seek to answer the question, "When are racial disparities in education the result of racial discrimination?" To answer it I synthesize the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education. My review draws from the sociology, anthropology, political science, psychology, history, and education literatures. I organize explanations into six categories: biological determinism, social structure, school organization and opportunities to learn, family...

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