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Category: Literacy

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2007: Increase Understanding of Adolescent Literacy to Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Advancing Adolescent Literacy: Pennsylvania Literacy Program Improves Student Opportunities, Outcomes, New Alliance Report Finds

    1/15/14 - Waite, Cyndi

    As one of only six states receiving a federal Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy (SRCL) grant, Pennsylvania has designed and implemented an innovative program that focuses on improved instruction and interventions to ensure every student is literate and graduates from high school ready for college and a career.

  • Closing the achievement gap through evidence-based inquiry at multiple levels of the education system

    1/1/08 - Timperley, Helen S., Parr, Judy M.

    A national literacy professional development project reduced the achievement gap for students experiencing difficulties in reading or writing in 91 of New Zealand's schools. It was based on two premises: coherence within and between the multiple levels of the schooling and educational administration systems, focus on evidence-informed inquiry into effectiveness at each level of the system. Over the years of the project's operation, these two premises interacted in ways that led to ongoing...

  • Confronting Racism in Literacy Education and Research

    1/1/05 - Edmondson, Jacqueline

    Reviews the book "Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning After Brown v. Board of Education," by Catherine Prendergast (2003). Closing the achievement gap is a central and explicit aim of current federal decisions. The achievement gap has direct and specific implications for literacy education and research. By linking reading with eventual success in school and other aspects of life, the Bush administration and Congress continue the assumption that reading well will guarantee...

  • Development of the literacy achievement gap: A longitudinal study of kindergarten through third grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

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    Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners

    1/14/09 - Deborah J. Short, Shannon Fitzsimmons

    This report explores challenges to improving the literacy of adolescent ELLs who must complete double the work of native English-speaking students and still reach the same performance standards. In response to these challenges, the report presents recommendations for meeting ELLs’ varying literacy needs, taking into account their educational background, native language literacy, and socioeconomic status. Double the Work is informed by expert advice and a review of relevant literature and...

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    Early literacy learning can be promoted through experiences with print and language

    1/3/09 - Masiello, T.

    Current thinking about early literacy learning was the focus of a research synthesis conducted by Anya Robyak, Tracy Masiello, Carol Trivette, Nicole Roper, and Carl Dunst at the Center for Early Literacy learning. These investigators examined 71 published papers, chapters, and books by current literacy experts, literacy centers, and professional organizations to assemble their recommendations for fostering early literacy learning. The researchers found that all sources of information...

  • Earnings Gap Between College and High School Grads Reaches Highest Point in 48 Years

    2/11/14 - Yen, Hope

    The earnings gap between young adults with and without bachelor's degrees has stretched to its widest level in nearly half a century. It's a sign of the growing value of a college education despite rising tuition costs, according to an analysis of census data released Tuesday. Young adults with just a high-school diploma earned 62 percent of the typical salary of college graduates. That's down from 81 percent in 1965, the earliest year for which comparable data are available.

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    Effective literacy and english language instruction for English learners in the elementary grades: A practice guide (NCEE 2007-4011).

    1/24/10 - Gersten, R., , Baker, S.K., Shanahan, T., Linan-Thompson, S., Collins, P. , Scarcella, R.

    This practice guide, from the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, formulates evidence-based recommendations for teaching literacy to English Language Leaners (ELLs) in the elementary grades based on the current body of studies for each area. The authors evaluated the effect sizes of interventions to measure their impact on programs and practices. The recommendations involve areas such as curriculum selection, sensible...

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    Effectiveness of Selected Supplemental Reading Comprehension Interventions: Findings from Two Student Cohorts

    1/5/10 - Susanne James-Burdumy , John Deke , Julieta Lugo-Gil , Nancy Carey , Alan Hershey , Russell Gersten , Rebecca Newman-Gonchar , Joseph Dimino , Kelly Haymond

    "Results after two years of using three reading comprehension curricula show gains from one program and no effects for the other two on reading comprehension for fifth-graders, according to a study released by the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance in the Institute of Education Sciences. The study focused on whether 5th grade students in disadvantaged schools could be helped in making the transition from "learning to read" to "reading to learn" by bolstering the...

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    English Language Learners

    1/3/09 - National Council of Teachers of English,

    In the largest sense, all students are learning English, and each ELL student falls at a different point on the spectrums of experiences. One thing is certain: there is no one profile for an ELL student, nor is one single response adequate to meet their educational goals and needs. ELL students are a diverse group that offers challenges and opportunities to U.S. education and to English language arts teachers in particular.

  • Equity and literacy in the next millennium

    1/1/00 - Au, Kathryn H., Raphael, Taffy E.

    Considerable evidence documents the existence of a gap between the literacy achievement of students of diverse backgrounds and their mainstream peers. Given the increasing diversity of the population of students in classrooms in the US and around the world, the authors believe that the task of addressing the literacy achievement gap will become even more urgent in the new millennium.The challenges posed by the gap are considered in terms of 3 key groups of participants in the process of...

  • Family involvement in school and low-income children's literacy: Longitudinal associations between and within families

    1/1/06 - Dearing, Eric, Kreider, Holly, Simpkins, Sandra, Weiss, Heather B.

    Longitudinal data from kindergarten to 5th grade on both family involvement in school and children's literacy performance were examined for an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 281). Within families, increased school involvement predicted improved child literacy. In addition, although there was an achievement gap in average literacy performance between children of more and less educated mothers if family involvement levels were low, this gap was nonexistent if family involvement...

  • Helping Struggling Middle School Literacy Learners Achieve Success

    1/1/09 - Palumbo, Anthony, Sanacore, Joseph

    Teachers can help minority children close the academic achievement gap in intermediate and middle school by combining literacy instruction and content-area material. This connection improves reading achievement and increases curriculum knowledge, even if students have previously experienced difficulty with primary school reading. Fortunately, upper-elementary and middle-level learners are still naturally curious, are developing cognitively, and have acquired some basic reading skills...

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