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Category: Labeling

  • "They might need a little extra hand, you know": Latino students in at-risk programs

    1/1/08 - Fairbrother, Anne

    This is a qualitative study in a school district in a large city in the Southwest in response to the research question, "What are staff and student expectations for, and assessment of, three 'at-risk' programs in this large school district?" Four thematic findings from observations and interviews in four classes in two high school alternative programs and one alternative high school over one semester are reported, concerning (a) commitment to the programs, (b) labeling of students, (c...

  • Ethnic disparities in special education labeling among children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

    1/1/08 - Mandell, David S., Davis, Jasmine K., Bevans, Katherine, Guevara, James P.

    The authors examined disparities in special education labeling among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by merging calendar year 2002 special education records and Medicaid mental health claims for 4,852 children who had been diagnosed with ADHD in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thirty-eight percent were receiving special education services. In adjusted analyses, Black children were less likely than White children to receive these services (odds ratio...

  • Stereotype Threat Undermines Intellectual Performance by Triggering a Disruptive Mental Load

    1/1/04 - Croizet, Jean-Claude, Després, Gérard, Gauzins, Marie-Eve, Huguet, Pascal, Leyens, Jacques-Philippe, Méot, Alain

    Research on stereotype threat has repeatedly demonstrated that the intellectual performance of social groups is particularly sensitive to the situational context in which tests are usually administered. In the present experiment, an adaptation of the Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices Test was introduced as a measure of cognitive ability. Results showed that individuals targeted by a reputation of intellectual inferiority scored lower on the test than did other people. However, when the...

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