Categories

Category: Human Sex Differences

  • Are boys excelling girls in geometric learning?

    1/1/29 - Perry, W. M.

    The data of a previous study by the author are examined for sex differences in the solution of geometric originals. The subjects are 53 boys and 36 girls. Although the boys are somewhat higher in general mental ability and in reasoning ability, the girls reach a higher achievement. "Especially were the girls the more superior in responding to those 'link' steps, by means of which they were able to bridge the gap between the given relations (those observed with the pertinent recalled facts...

  • Attributed for academic achievement: A comparative study in tribal and non-tribal settings

    1/1/08 - Rath, Muralidhar

    The failure or poor performance of tribal students in their academic tests has initiated deep debates and grave discussions now-a-days. It is worthwhile to note that tribal students in India are not only they who reside in ashrams or hostels of different urban schools and colleges, and are mostly compared by researchers with non-tribal students. Rather, a major portion of tribals dwell in rural and tribal settings and some of them pursue their education in poorly maintained schools and...

  • Ethnic and gender differences in mathematics achievement and in dispositions towards the study of mathematics

    1/1/06 - Birenbaum, Menucha, Nasser, Fadia

    The study examined the effects of gender and ethnicity on mathematics achievement on a national test and on dispositions (attitudes, perceived parental expectations, effort, and help) towards the study of mathematics of a representative sample of Jewish and Arab eighth graders in Israel. The results indicated a large ethnic gap in achievement in favor of the Jewish students. Significant gender--ethnicity interactions emerged whereby Arab girls, compared to Arab boys, attempted more items on...

  • Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

    1/1/85 - Vandamme, Thomas H., Schwartz, Steven

    Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between...

  • From the ghetto to the ivory tower: Gendered effects of segregation on elite-college completion

    1/1/07 - Ehrmann, Nicholas

    Objectives: To explore the continuing consequences of segregation for students in elite colleges and test whether male and female students experience the effects of segregation in different ways. Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF, 1999-2003) are used to predict the odds of elite-college graduation separately by gender. Theories on childhood gender socialization are addressed using OLS and logistic regression models to test for gendered pathways through...

  • Impact of attitudes of peers on language achievement: Gender differences

    1/1/07 - Van de Gaer, Eva, Pustjens, Heidi, Van Damme, Jan, De Munter, Agnes

    The authors examined whether gender differences in language achievement were related not only to gender differences in attitudes toward schooling but also to the attitudes toward schooling of peers (i.e., peers in classes and in schools). The authors used multilevel analysis on data compiled from a longitudinal research project in secondary education. The primary results revealed that all boys who had negative school-related attitudes were underachievers in language. Furthermore, boys were...

  • Is math achievement a matter of personality type?

    1/1/99 - Gillespie, Bonnie V.

    The study of the relationship between the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Thinking-Feeling (T-F) preference and mathematics achievement scores of 12th graders was prompted by the following factors: (1) male 12th graders have higher achievement test scores in mathematics than females even though females have closed the gender gap in math achievement in the lower grades; (2) gender differences in personality type are found only in the T-F index of the MBTI; and (3) type theory suggests that...

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

  • Rethinking gender differences in literacy

    1/1/99 - Gambell, Trevor J., Hunter, Darryl M.

    Gender equity initiatives in schools, curricula, and resources, especially reading materials, are intended to resolve equity problems that have withheld opportunity for female students. However, recent literacy assessment in Canada and other part of the world reveal differential patterns in males' and females' achievement in reading and writing. Females outperform males in all areas of reading and writing at the elementary, middle, and secondary levels, and this literacy gap does not narrow...

  • The gender gap in language achievement: The role of school-related attitudes of class groups

    1/1/06 - Van de Gaer, Eva, Pustjens, Heidi, Van Damme, Jan, De Munter, Agnes

    The present study was designed to examine how the attitudinal composition of class groups is related to the gender gap in language achievement at the end of secondary education. Data were drawn from the LOSO project and multilevel analyses were used. The results showed that the attitudes of the class groups, and, more specifically, the attitudes of same-sex classmates, had a stronger impact on the language achievement of boys than on the language achievement of girls. No gender differences...

  • The gender gap in math: Its possible origins in neighborhood effects

    1/1/94 - Entwisle, Doris R., Alexander, Karl L., Olson, Linda Steffel

    Examined whether different experiences of boys and girls in elementary school might lay the groundwork for a gender gap that emerges later in mathematics. A contextual analysis was conducted of data gathered for a 399 children in their 1st 2 yrs of school and from interviews with parents. Ss' math scores were examined again in their 8th yr of school. Boys' gains in math reasoning achievement were more sensitive to resources outside the home than were girls' gains. In line with the greater...

  • The Growing Female Advantage in College Completion: The Role of Family Background and Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Buchmann, Claudia, DiPrete, Thomas A.

    In a few short decades, the gender gap in college completion has reversed from favoring men to favoring women. This study, which is the first to assess broadly the causes of the growing female advantage in college completion, considers the impact of family resources as well as gender differences in academic performance and in the pathways to college completion on the rising gender gap. Analyses of General Social Survey data indicate that the female-favorable trend in college completion...

  • Why Black girls don't matter: Exploring how race and gender shape academic success in an inner city school

    1/1/07 - Rollock, Nicola

    The continued low academic attainment of Black pupils is now a well-established, familiar feature of the annual statistics of educational attainment. Black pupils tend to consistently perform below their white counterparts and below the national average. Key debates, examining how to address the difference in attainment gap, have tended to focus almost exclusively on the achievements of Black male pupils with little explicit attention paid to the needs and experiences of their female...

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