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Category: Field Dependence

  • Field dependence and the school achievement gap between Anglo-American and Mexican-American children

    1/1/75 - Kagan, Spencer, Zahn, G. Lawrence

    Research supports the hypothesis that field dependence explains the poorer school achievement of Mexican-American children compared to Anglo-American children. To test that hypothesis, multiple regression and path analyses were used to interpret the relationships between culture, field dependence, and school achievement among 134 2nd-, 4th-, and 6th-grade Anglo-American and Mexican-American children. Results indicate that Mexican-Americans were significantly below Anglo-Americans in reading...

  • Locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence as predictors of school achievement among Anglo American and Mexican American children

    1/1/80 - Nelson, William, Knight, George P., Kagan, Spencer, Gumbiner, Jann

    Explored the relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican-American and Anglo-American children. Ss were administered a battery of tests including the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Inventory, the man-in-the-frame test, and the California Achievement Tests. The Anglo-American/Mexican-American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on...

  • The cultural gap hypothesis as an explanation for the achievement patterns of Mexican-American students

    1/1/87 - Buenning, Meredith, Tollefson, Nona

    Investigated the hypothesis that the academic achievement of Mexican-American students could be explained in part by a conflict in the values of Mexican-American and Anglo-American cultures. 56 Mexican-American and 57 Anglo-American 5th-8th grade students, their parents, and teachers reported their adherence to traditional school values and their view of the importance of field-independent behaviors to success in school. Differences in perceptions and values were observed between cultures...

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