Categories

Category: Ethnic Groups

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap With Curriculum Enrichment and Differentiation: One School's Story

    1/1/08 - Beecher, Margaret, Sweeny, Sheelah M.

    This article summarizes a unique approach to reducing the achievement gap that strategically blended differentiated curriculum with schoolwide enrichment teaching and learning. The theories of enrichment and instructional differentiation were translated into practice in an elementary school that had previously embraced a remedial paradigm. This enrichment approach resulted in improved student achievement and the reduction of the achievement gap between rich and poor and among different...

  • Ethnic disparities in special education labeling among children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

    1/1/08 - Mandell, David S., Davis, Jasmine K., Bevans, Katherine, Guevara, James P.

    The authors examined disparities in special education labeling among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by merging calendar year 2002 special education records and Medicaid mental health claims for 4,852 children who had been diagnosed with ADHD in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thirty-eight percent were receiving special education services. In adjusted analyses, Black children were less likely than White children to receive these services (odds ratio...

  • Performance boosts in the classroom: Stereotype endorsement and prejudice moderate stereotype lift

    1/1/08 - Chatard, Armand, Selimbegović, Leila, Konan, Paul, Mugny, Gabriel

    The present study (N = 293) examined whether stereotype endorsement and prejudice moderate stereotype lift (i.e., a performance boost caused by the salience of a negative out-group stereotype in the testing situation). The stereotype in the focus of inquiry was the belief that immigrant students have lower intellectual ability than native students. French native high school students performed an intellectual test in a condition of low stereotype salience (the test was presented as assessing...

  • RACIAL PROMOTION THROUGH RACIAL EXCLUSION

    1/1/00 - Crawford, Curtis

    The article presents information on a report which says that racial disparities in academic achievement are unacceptable in the United States. Racial disparities should be eliminated with all possible speed. The language of the report is emphatic and insistent. Eliminating the large educational achievement gaps among the nation's racial and ethnic groups is the most important educational challenge. In order to increase minority participation, race-based affirmative action has often been...

  • The Black-White-Other Achievement Gap: Testing Theories of Academic Performance Among Multiracial and Monoracial Adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

  • The Diverse Experiences of Hispanic Students in the American Educational System

    1/1/05 - Crosnoe, Robert

    Hispanic students have long been considered at risk in the American educational system. A better understanding of the diverse experiences of Hispanics can help to counteract this risk—in what ways, and where, do they do well or poorly or some mixture of both? To further this understanding, this study applies developmental and demographic perspectives to a representative sample of Hispanic high school students. First, analyses of the sample identified four student profiles based on various...

  • The Matter of Dropouts

    1/1/09 - Ramirez, A. L., Carpenter, Dick

    The article discusses how examining the diversity of students can help reduce the achievement gap. The authors suggest that the achievement gap is more complex than a divide between white and minority students and comment on differences in achievement within ethnic and racial groups. They describe research which reveals that ethnicity did not affect dropout risks and suggest that gaps exist within ethnic groups based on factors such as socioeconomic status, amount of algebra studied, work in...

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