Category: Equalization, Educational

  • A "Gap-Gazing" Fetish in Mathematics Education? Problematizing Research on the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Guiterrez, Rochelle

    A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations, English language learners, or working class. I outline the dangers in maintaining an achievement-gap focus. These dangers include offering little more than a static picture of inequities, supporting deficit thinking and negative narratives about students of color and working-class students...

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2006: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Donlevy, Jim

    There are still far too many poor and minority children being educated in schools with inadequate resources and poorly trained and uncertified staff. Sadly, educational results for children in such schools are significantly below those of children in better-funded schools and districts. This article reviews recent New Year's resolutions made in the Journal and calls for "Closing the Achievement Gap" as the New Year's resolution for 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2007: Increase Understanding of Adolescent Literacy to Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Accountability Standards, and the Growing Achievement Gap: Lessons from the Past Half-Century

    1/1/06 - Harris, Douglas N., Herrington, Carolyn D.

    The rise of accountability policies during the early 1990s coincided with an increase in the achievement gap between white and minority students, reversing decades of steady improvement in outcome equity. This article explores the policies that helped to reduce the achievement gap before 1990, the effects of the subsequent shift toward accountability, and what can be learned from past successes to guide the future development of accountability systems. An extensive review of research...

  • Bridging the Gaps in Perspectives on Equity in Mathematics Education

    1/1/08 - Luienski, Sarah Theule, Guiterrez, Rochelle

    In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in...

  • Bridging the Knowing and Doing Gap: The No Child Left Behind Act, Race, and Suburban School Districts

    1/1/08 - Griffith, Henry C., Sr., Conrad, Timothy L.

    Details of how one suburban school district in Ohio has embraced the No Child Left Behind Act and embarked on several initiatives to meet its goals and to close the achievement gap between white and black students are provided. First, the district's top leadership dedicated itself to closing the achievement gap before committing others to the vision and a strong team was put in place to support leadership in making the changes necessary to transform the vision into reality. One of the...

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: What Will It Take?

    1/1/05 - Uline, Cynthia L. ed, Johnson, Joseph F. Jr ed

    A special issue on closing achievement gaps is presented. Articles discuss the development of the standards movement, student-invloved classroom assessment, the appeal of "universalized pedagogies" in the field of education, the need for teacher education programs to promote social justice and accountability, the role of professional development in closing the achievement gap, the Interstate School Leadership Licensure Consortium standards, three key strategies that district and school...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap


    A special section on closing the achievement gap. Articles discuss how educators can help close the literacy gap between ill-served students and their better-served peers, the need for teachers and school library media specialists to understand the importance of connecting students with books that interest them, a case study that examined the strategies used by one teacher to provide students with the support they needed to achieve academic excellence, the need for a pervasive...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: How Gifted Education Can Help

    1/1/06 - Ford, Donna Y.

    The writer discusses how gifted education can help close the achievement gap. She suggests that the underrepresentation of black and Latino students in gifted education should be discussed in efforts to both understand and close the achievement gap, asserts that too little attention has been paid to the achievement gap problem in gifted education, and proposes that although dozens of variables have been reported as contributing substantively to the achievement gap, increasing access to...

  • Creating Programs that Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Burke, Jim

    The characteristics of established academic success programs that help close the achievement gap are outlined. Effective academic success programs develop students' and others' commitment to academic success, develop students' content knowledge so they can complete assignments and participate in academic activities, develop students' competencies in those areas essential to academic success in general and the teacher's class in particular, and develop students' capacity to meet the demands...

  • Disguising the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Probst, Bob

    Although the No Child Left Behind Act has been developed to address the achievement gap, testing struggling students will only remind them they are behind, drilling will not improve anything, and standardizing the curriculum would be disastrous. In order to have even the slightest hope of closing the achievement gap, educators must be flexible in their choice of books so that they can find what will work best; avoid mechanical, routinized instruction and do their best to get students...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • From the Achievement Gap to the Education Debt: Understanding Achievement in U.S. Schools

    1/1/06 - Ladson-Billings, Gloria

    The achievement gap is one of the most talked-about issues in U.S. education. The term refers to the disparities in standardized test scores between Black and White, Latina/o and White, and recent immigrant and White students. This article argues that a focus on the gap is misplaced. Instead, we need to look at the "education debt" that has accumulated over time. This debt comprises historical, economic, sociopolitical, and moral components. The author draws an analogy with the concept of...

  • Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Peebles-Wilkins, Wilma

    In an editorial, the writer urges social workers to become involved in the effort to help close the achievement gap between white and minority children.

  • On "Gap Gazing" in Mathematics Education: The Need for Gaps Analyses

    1/1/08 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    Analyses of disparities in students' mathematics experiences and outcomes are an essential part of efforts to promote equity. Scholars concerned about equity should not write off such analyses as mere "gap gazing." Research on gaps between underserved groups and their more advantaged peers are important for shaping public opinion and informing education policy. Analyses of gaps also inform mathematics education research and practice, illuminating which groups and curricular areas are most in...

  • Professional Development and Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Hirsh, Stephanie

    Part of a special issue on closing achievement gaps. Schools must select the professional development approach that aligns most closely with the assumptions and beliefs of staff members in order to produce the results desired for students. When beliefs underpinning a new staff development program match the long-held beliefs of participants, change in behavior accelerates, while the reverse is true if when beliefs are not in alignment. Educators might begin the process by ensuring a thorough...

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