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Category: Equal Education

  • A "gap-gazing" fetish in mathematics education? Problematizing research on the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gutiérrez, Rochelle

    A substantial amount of research in mathematics education seeks to document disparities in achievement between middle-class White students and students who are Black, Latina/Latino, First Nations, English language learners, or working class. I outline the dangers in maintaining an achievement-gap focus. These dangers include offering little more than a static picture of inequities, supporting deficit thinking and negative narratives about students of color and working-class students...

  • African American educators' perspectives on the advanced placement opportunity gap

    1/1/08 - DeVance Taliaferro, Jocelyn, DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.

    This study examines perspectives of educators on the advanced placement opportunity gap for African American students. Using interviews with 11 educators from 10 high schools, we explored their perceptions regarding the impact of a local academic achievement program on the enrollment of African American students in honors and advanced placement courses. Results of the analysis suggest that there is a perceived and real gap in the participation of African American students in AP courses...

  • At Risk Children in Resegregated Schools: An Analysis of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/03 - Ipka, V. W.

    Historically, political and social forces have strategically converged to directly influence the formulation and implementation of education policies that seek to equalize educational opportunities for members of minority groups. Such has been the case with school desegregation efforts. Since the 1954 Brown Decision, powerful interest groups have sought and secured the assistance of the courts in providing legal support in abandoning desegregation initiatives. Unfortunately, fifty years...

  • Dear Zora: A Letter to Zora Neale Hurston 50 Years After Brown

    1/1/05 - Fine, Michelle, Bloom, Janice, Burns, April, Chajet, Lori, Guishard, Monique, Payne, Yasser, Perkins-Munn, Tiffany, Torre, Maria Elena

    This article reports on the extensive qualitative and quantitative findings of a multimethod participatory study designed to assess urban and suburban youths' experiences of racial/class justice or injustice in their schools and throughout the nation. Constructed as a letter to Zora Neale Hurston, who was immediately critical of the Brown decision in 1955, the article lays out the victories of Brown and the ongoing struggles, what we call "six degrees of segregation" that identify systematic...

  • Examining disparities in mathematics education: Achievement gap or opportunity gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness

    1/1/04 - Magnuson, Katherine A., Meyers, Marcia K., Ruhm, Christopher J., Waldfogel, Jane

    Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, we analyze the effect of participation in child care and early education on children's school readiness as measured by early reading and math skills in kindergarten and first grade. We find that children who attended a center or school-based...

  • Intractable Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Fifty Years After Brown v. Board of Education

    1/1/04 - Weinstein, Rhona S., Gregory, Anne, Strambler, Michael J.

    The civil rights struggle for equal educational opportunity has yet to be achieved at the start of the 21st century. Inequality persists but problem and remedy are refrained from integrating schools, to ensuring equal access in resegregated settings, to closing the performance gap. As seen through ecological theory (R. S. Weinstein, 2002b), complex, multilayered, and interactive negative self-fulfilling prophecies create or perpetuate educational inequities and unequal outcomes. Society has...

  • No Child Left Behind and High School Reform

    1/1/06 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    Although No Child Left Behind (NCLB) aims to close the achievement gap that parallels race and class, some of its key provisions are at odds with reforms that are successfully overhauling the large, comprehensive high schools that traditionally have failed students of color and low-income students in urban areas. While small, restructured schools are improving graduation and college attendance rates, NCLB accountability provisions create counterincentives that encourage higher dropout and...

  • On "gap gazing" in mathematics education: The need for gaps analyses

    1/1/08 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    Analyses of disparities in students' mathematics experiences and outcomes are an essential part of efforts to promote equity. Scholars concerned about equity should not write off such analyses as mere "gap gazing." Research on gaps between underserved groups and their more advantaged peers are important for shaping public opinion and informing education policy. Analyses of gaps also inform mathematics education research and practice, illuminating which groups and curricular areas are most in...

  • Race, class, and educational opportunity: Trends in the socioilogy of education

    1/1/95 - Epps, Edgar G.

    Reviews 52 articles, published 1965–1995, on the effect of social class on educational opportunity for African Americans. Social allocation processes in schools, the relationship of poverty to academic achievement, and educational attainment are considered. The presence of a racial gap in education is also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

  • Seeking Equity in the Education of California's English Learners

    1/1/04 - Rumberger, Russell W., Gándara, Patricia

    The article provides an abridged version of a report prepared for the lawsuit, <i>Williams v. State of California</i>. The report first examines the achievement gap for English learners in California. Second, it reviews evidence in seven areas in which these students receive a substantially inequitable education vis-à-vis their English-speaking peers, even when those peers are similarly economically disadvantaged. Third, it documents the state's role in creating and perpetuating existing...

  • When Are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective

    1/1/03 - Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

    In this article I seek to answer the question, "When are racial disparities in education the result of racial discrimination?" To answer it I synthesize the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education. My review draws from the sociology, anthropology, political science, psychology, history, and education literatures. I organize explanations into six categories: biological determinism, social structure, school organization and opportunities to learn, family...

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