Categories

Category: Environment

  • It's Not "a Black Thing": Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement

    1/1/05 - Tyson, Karolyn, Darity, William, Jr., Castellino, Domini R.

    For two decades the acting white hypothesis--the premise that black students are driven toward low school performance because of racialized peer pressure--has served as an explanation for the black-white achievement gap. Fordham and Ogbu proposed that black youths sabotage their own school careers by taking an oppositional stance toward academic achievement. Using interviews and existing data from eight North Carolina secondary public schools, this article shows that black adolescents are...

  • Reassessing the "Burden of 'Acting White'": The Importance of Peer Groups in Managing Academic Success

    1/1/03 - Horvat, Erin McNamara, Lewis, Kristine S.

    In 1986 Fordham and Ogbu introduced the idea that Black students continue to underperform in school because of their cultural opposition to "acting White." This notion of the burden of acting White and Ogbu's cultural ecological theory more broadly have provided one of the dominant theories used to explain the Black-White achievement gap. The research presented here offers a reassessment of the burden of acting White and directs researchers to examine the variation to be found in high school...

  • The Black–White test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black–white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black–white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when...

Log In | Privacy Policy | Contact Us