Categories

Category: Elementary Schools

  • American Educational Research Journal

    1/1/05
  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Closing the achievement gap with curriculum enrichment and differentiation: One school's story

    1/1/08 - Beecher, Margaret, Sweeny, Sheelah M.

    This article summarizes a unique approach to reducing the achievement gap that strategically blended differentiated curriculum with schoolwide enrichment teaching and learning. The theories of enrichment and instructional differentiation were translated into practice in an elementary school that had previously embraced a remedial paradigm. This enrichment approach resulted in improved student achievement and the reduction of the achievement gap between rich and poor and among different...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

  • Do Small Classes Reduce the Achievement Gap between Low and High Achievers? Evidence from Project STAR

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (project STAR) to examine the effects of small classes on the achievement gap. The sample consisted of nearly 11,000 elementary school students who participated...

  • Elementary School Counselors and Teachers: Collaborators for Higher Student Achievement

    1/1/08 - Sink, Christopher A.

    In this article I contend that elementary school teachers need to work more closely with school counselors to enhance student learning and academic performance and to narrow the achievement gap among student groups. Research showing the influence that counselors can exert on the educational process is summarized. Using the American School Counselor Association's organization framework for structuring counseling and guidance programs, I also illustrate where the educative roles of teachers...

  • The gender gap in math: Its possible origins in neighborhood effects

    1/1/94 - Entwisle, Doris R., Alexander, Karl L., Olson, Linda Steffel

    Examined whether different experiences of boys and girls in elementary school might lay the groundwork for a gender gap that emerges later in mathematics. A contextual analysis was conducted of data gathered for a 399 children in their 1st 2 yrs of school and from interviews with parents. Ss' math scores were examined again in their 8th yr of school. Boys' gains in math reasoning achievement were more sensitive to resources outside the home than were girls' gains. In line with the greater...

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