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Category: Educational Reform

  • Entre la Espada y la Pared: Critical Educators, Bilingual Education, and Education Reform

    1/1/05 - Olivos, Edward M., Quintana de Valladolid, Carmen E.

    From the perspective of two practitioners who have been influenced by work in the area of critical pedagogy and critical theory, this article examines bilingual education, education reform, and the achievement gap in relation to Latino English Language Learners. The authors integrate personal experiences as they examine underlying assumptions of class, race, and asymmetrical power relations in current education policy and classroom practice. They argue that, despite feelings of being...

  • Calculus as a Catalyst: The Transformation of an Inner-City High School in Boston

    1/1/05 - Werkema, Rachel Deyette, Case, Robert

    Disparities in curricular offerings between poor, inner-city schools and their more affluent counterparts leave urban students at a disadvantage in terms of preparation for higher education and future job opportunities. Introducing more rigorous academic coursework into traditionally low-performing schools is one way to close this gap; however, the addition of advanced classes is only part of moving a school to a higher level of academic performance. Using a framework developed by Oakes, we...

  • Closing the achievement gap with curriculum enrichment and differentiation: One school's story

    1/1/08 - Beecher, Margaret, Sweeny, Sheelah M.

    This article summarizes a unique approach to reducing the achievement gap that strategically blended differentiated curriculum with schoolwide enrichment teaching and learning. The theories of enrichment and instructional differentiation were translated into practice in an elementary school that had previously embraced a remedial paradigm. This enrichment approach resulted in improved student achievement and the reduction of the achievement gap between rich and poor and among different...

  • Do national and state assessments converge for educational accountability? A meta-analytic synthesis of multiple measures in Maine and Kentucky

    1/1/07 - Lee, Jaekyung

    Given the policy imperative of using multiple measures for state education accountability under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), this study examines similarities and discrepancies between the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the states' own math assessment results in Kentucky and Maine, with a focus on 3 major academic performance indicators: proficiency level, achievement gap, and achievement gain. Using meta-analytic techniques, the study synthesizes multiple...

  • Does school accountability lead to improved student performance?

    1/1/05 - Hanushek, Eric A., Raymond, Margaret E.

    The leading school reform policy in the United States revolves around strong accountability of schools with consequences for performance. The federal government's involvement through the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 reinforces the prior movement of many states toward policies based on measured student achievement. Analysis of state achievement growth as measured by the National Assessment of Educational progress shows that accountability systems introduced during the 1990s had a clear...

  • High school reform and Black male students: Limits and possibilies of policy and practice

    1/1/03 - Jordan, Will J., Cooper, Robert

    An infusion of federal funding and philanthropic support for high schools has sparked an unprecedented number of educational reforms. Still, few initiatives confront the unique conditions facing Black male students. Despite efforts to reform ineffective schools and foster academic achievement for all students, there continues to be a lingering gap between affluent and poor as well as White and Black subgroups. This article explores the complexities of these issues. The authors examine the...

  • New Teachers, High-Stakes Diversity, and the Performance-Based Conundrum

    1/1/06 - Margolis, Jason

    This article explores the impact of high-stakes gate-keeping assessments (of both K-12 students and new teachers) on teacher development of equitable teaching practices. Drawing from two studies of field experiences in Washington State--one of teacher interns and one of cooperating teachers--findings include that state level policies in response to NCLB may actually be decreasing teacher attention to closing the achievement gap. Further, the article explores how even progressive...

  • No Child Left Behind and High School Reform

    1/1/06 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    Although No Child Left Behind (NCLB) aims to close the achievement gap that parallels race and class, some of its key provisions are at odds with reforms that are successfully overhauling the large, comprehensive high schools that traditionally have failed students of color and low-income students in urban areas. While small, restructured schools are improving graduation and college attendance rates, NCLB accountability provisions create counterincentives that encourage higher dropout and...

  • Reducing the gap: Success for all and the achievement of African American students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students. More than 40 studies, including a national randomized experiment, have found positive...

  • School counselors: Becoming key players in school reform

    1/1/02 - House, Reese M., Hayes, Richard L.

    This article presents the view that school counselors must be proactive leaders who are effective collaborators in advocating for the success of all students. Closing the existing achievement gap between poor students and students of color and their more advantaged peers is the focused mission of schools today. School counselors need to be integral players in helping all students gain access to rigorous academic preparation that will lead to greater opportunity for all students. By helping...

  • The Inclusive school

    1/1/04 - Judy W. Kugelmass

    This book is a collection of stories by illustrated by teachers and principals. Each of their stories illustrates the delicate balancing act they perform by remaining committed to public education, inspite of policies that are not in the best interest of children

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