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Category: Education

  • Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education

    1/1/03

    A special section on measuring racial disparities and discrimination in education is presented. Articles discuss the degree to which racial disparities in education are the result of racial discrimination; the formal legal definitions of race discrimination in education, how those definitions are applied in various contexts and cases, and the role that social science evidence has played and could play in the cases; racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that...

  • Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Elementary and Secondary Education: An Introduction

    1/1/03 - Dabady, Marilyn

    Part of a special section on measuring racial disparities and discrimination in elementary and secondary education. A brief preview of the articles contained in the special section is provided. The articles were originally presented at the National Research Council Workshop on Measuring Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Elementary and Secondary Education, which was held in July 2002.

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    Miles to go Mississippi

    1/2/10 - Southern Education Foundation,

    "Mississippi is the only Southern state that has no statesupported pre-kindergarten (Pre-K) program. This brief reviews how Mississippi is falling behind other states in the Deep South in early childhood education; why Mississippi needs a Pre-K program now; options for how the state can finance such a program; and current opportunities (even in economic hard times) for Mississippi to begin to build on existing assets to establish a Pre-K program for the benefit of all Mississippians in the...

  • Multiple dimensions of achievement: Defining, identifying, and addressing "the gap"

    1/1/07 - Alvermann, Donna E., Reinking, David
  • Narrowing the Gap: Effects of a Two-Way Bilingual Education Program on the Literacy Development of At-Risk Primary Students

    1/1/04 - López, Maria G., Tashakkori, Abbas

    Children with limited English proficiency are known to be at higher risk of school failure than their peers. Risk starts early, and the achievement lag of these children often widens with age and progression in the educational system. This study attempted to determine the effects of a 2-way bilingual education program on the literacy development of at-risk kindergarten students who had lower English proficiency and were in a higher failure risk bracket than a comparison group who had higher...

  • Narrowing the Gap?

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah ed, Plomp, Tjeerd ed

    A special issue based on the secondary analysis of data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study focusing on gaps between subgroups is presented. This special issue consists of five articles that look at subgroups in an individual country and study differences in performance in math and science between those groups as well as one article that takes a multinational approach to analyzing trends in gender differences.

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    NIUSI Accreditation Standards: A Blueprint for Inclusive Schools

    1/18/07 - Elizabeth Kozleski, Carolyn Jefferson-Jenkins , Deidre Magee, Anne Smith , Jim Lundstrom

    This tool provides a framework for assessing schools on their inclusive practices. A set of 15 standards frames governance, continuous improvement, teacher practice, student performance and family involvement. This tool is designed for use by accreditation bodies as well as by districts committed to ensuring effective early intervening as well as high quality special education services and supports.

  • On "gap gazing" in mathematics education: The need for gaps analyses

    1/1/08 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    Analyses of disparities in students' mathematics experiences and outcomes are an essential part of efforts to promote equity. Scholars concerned about equity should not write off such analyses as mere "gap gazing." Research on gaps between underserved groups and their more advantaged peers are important for shaping public opinion and informing education policy. Analyses of gaps also inform mathematics education research and practice, illuminating which groups and curricular areas are most in...

  • On "Gap Gazing" in Mathematics Education: The Need for Gaps Analyses

    1/1/08 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    Analyses of disparities in students' mathematics experiences and outcomes are an essential part of efforts to promote equity. Scholars concerned about equity should not write off such analyses as mere "gap gazing." Research on gaps between underserved groups and their more advantaged peers are important for shaping public opinion and informing education policy. Analyses of gaps also inform mathematics education research and practice, illuminating which groups and curricular areas are most in...

  • Parent educational investment and children’s general knowledge development

    1/1/09 - Cheadle, Jacob E.

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a parental educational investment measure based upon Lareau’s notion of ‘concerted cultivation.’ The analysis used multilevel piecewise growth models regressing children’s general knowledge achievement from kindergarten through the first grade on a measure of concerted cultivation and indicators of the...

  • Parent Involvement, Cultural Capital, and the Achievement Gap Among Elementary School Children

    1/1/06 - Lee, Jung-Sook, Bowen, Natasha K.

    This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents with different demographic...

  • Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities-achievement gap in adolescence

    1/1/98 - Feldman, Ruth, Guttfreund, Daniel, Yerushalmi, Hannoch

    A study was conducted to examine the relationship between adolescents' perceptions of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities-achievement gap. Data were drawn from 200 Israeli adolescents who self-reported representations of parental care and intrusiveness, externalizing symptoms, and internalizing symptoms. Results revealed that there was a larger gap between abilities and achievement in language and mathematics for boys than there was for girls and that this gap was accounted for...

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    Parents' experiences with the IEP process: Considerations for improving practice

    1/9/10 - John W. Retman, Laura Beck, Teresa Coppola, Anita Engiles

    "We review literature here to explore findings from 10 studies published after 2004 that focus on the experiences and perceptions of parents or other caregivers related to the IEP process. Our objective is to highlight recommendations from this body of literature for improving the experiences of parents and encouraging their participation in IEP meetings."

  • Physical Activity, Obesity, and the Academic Achievement Gap in Minority Children

    1/1/08 - Johnson, Ingrid L.

    A review of recent studies on obesity, academic achievement, and physical activity is provided. The studies revealed that many children, especially from minority populations, do not engage in the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity per day, which conceivably contributes to overweight and obesity, especially in minority children to whom the No Child Left Behind Act is primarily directed; there is a significant and positive link between physical activity and weight control; and there...

  • Poverty and educational achievement: why do children from low-income families tend to do less well at school?

    1/1/07 - West, Anne

    There is an achievement gap between children from poor family backgrounds and others; this is not unique to the UK, but found in all other countries of the OECD. This article examines the reasons why children from poorer backgrounds do not, on average, do as well academically at school as those from more advantaged backgrounds. It argues that the family, income and material resources are highly significant, although schools also play an important role. Possible implications for policy are...

  • Practical Behavior Management Techniques to Close the Accessibility Gap for Students Who Are Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

    1/1/08 - Cartledge, Gwendolyn, Singh, Angella, Gibson, Lenwood

    Students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are disproportionately identified for special education in the most restrictive placements. These students tend to have the least access to the general education curriculum and experience the greatest levels of school failure. Educators see an obvious need to change this pattern. These students would benefit most from positive, proactive interventions that enable them to adjust to their school's culture and to master the...

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