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Category: Education

  • Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    This article explores the ways in which race is implicated in efforts to address the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Through an analysis of the theoretical and historical issues that have framed the relationship between race and intellectual ability, the author explains why the effort to close the achievement gap is politically and socially significant. The efforts of two suburban school districts to address the achievement gap is presented to illustrate why some schools are making progress...

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    Defining Inclusive Education

    1/13/09 - Kozeski, Elizabeth B.

    Gives an overview of what inclusive education is

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    Desired Family Outcomes of the Early Childhood Transition Process

    1/19/09 - Gloria Harbin, Beth Rous, Nancy Peeler, Joneen Schuster, Katherine McCormick

    "Transitions are often watershed events that present challenges for all young children and their families. However transitions from one environment or program to another are often particularly stressful and frustrating for families of young children with disabilities...Perhaps one reason for continued problems in the area of transition is the absence of aligning evidence-based practice with a set of clearly defined outcomes of transition. This requires a more systematic understanding of the...

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    Developing early warning systems to identify potential high school dropouts

    1/3/09 - Heppen, Jessica B., Therriault, S. B.

    The information that follows and an accompanying tool developed by the National High School Center can help schools and districts to systematically collect early warning indicator data so they can identify students at highest risk of dropout. An early warning system can be implemented at the school as well as at district levels. The role of the state is critical for providing support that can help districts and schools collect the key information with relative ease, including the use of...

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

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    Did You Know?: About the Difference Between “Parent Involvement” and “Family/Community Linkages”?

    1/1/05 - Ferguson, D.

    The Family School Linkages (FSL) Project of the National Institute for Urban School, now the Equity Alliance at ASU, worked with schools and families to think about and improve relationships between schools and all the families of their students. A growing number of studies show that when family members talk to their children about schooling, participate with school personnel, and support their children’s efforts, the students achieve more, attend more regularly, and are more motivated and...

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    Did You Know?: About the Difference Between “Parent Involvement” and “Family/Community Linkages”?

    1/1/05 - Ferguson, D.

    The Family School Linkages (FSL) Project of the National Institute for Urban School, now the Equity Alliance at ASU, worked with schools and families to think about and improve relationships between schools and all the families of their students. A growing number of studies show that when family members talk to their children about schooling, participate with school personnel, and support their children’s efforts, the students achieve more, attend more regularly, and are more motivated and...

  • Different, Not Better: Gender Differences in Mathematics Learning and Achievement

    1/1/08 - Geist, Eugene A., King, Margaret

    This article reviews the assessment data, literature and research on gender differences in mathematics. The question of whether boys are better at mathematics has been an issue in education for the past 5 years. The assumption is that there is a biological difference between boys and girls that make boys predisposed to do better in mathematics. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress disputes this assumption. The NAEP shows a gap of only 2 points between girls and boys and...

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    Digest of Education Statistics 2009

    1/1/10 - Thomas D. Snyder, Sally A. Dillow

    "In fall 2009, about 75.2 million people were enrolled in American schools and colleges (table 1). About 4.7 million people were employed as elementary and secondary school teachers or as college faculty, in full-time equivalents (FTE). Other professional, administrative, and support staff at educational institutions totaled 5.4 million. All data for 2009 in this Introduction are projected. Some data for other years are projected or estimated as noted. In discussions of historical trends...

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    Diploma options for students with disabilities: Synthesis of the NCEO document

    1/5/09 - Berdette, P

    The National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) has conducted four studies of state graduation requirements for students with disabilities. This document synthesizes findings reported in NCEO’s most recent 2007 study, Revisiting Graduation Requirements and Diploma Options for Youth with Disabilities: A National Study, and the comparisons they made to findings from 2002.1 The purpose of the NCEO national study was to describe current variations across states in high school exit exam...

  • Direct instruction: Its contributions to high school achievement

    1/1/00 - Kozioff, Martin A., LaNunziata, Louis, Cowardin, James, Bessellieu, Frances B.

    Describes the design principles, instructional practices, and specific curricula of Direct Instruction. At a time when public schools are increasingly held accountable for students' achievement and for closing and preventing the achievement gap between minority/disadvantaged and white/advantaged students, Direct Instruction provides highly effective programs whose implementation fosters beneficial change in students' engagement and achievement, in teachers' skill at instruction and...

  • Disguising the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Probst, Bob

    Although the No Child Left Behind Act has been developed to address the achievement gap, testing struggling students will only remind them they are behind, drilling will not improve anything, and standardizing the curriculum would be disastrous. In order to have even the slightest hope of closing the achievement gap, educators must be flexible in their choice of books so that they can find what will work best; avoid mechanical, routinized instruction and do their best to get students...

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

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    Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special Education: An Orientation for Parents

    1/6/09 - JoEtta Gonzales, Elaine Mulligan

    This presentation addresses three questions: What is the nature of disproportionate representation in our nation’s schools?What are parents’ legal rights for preventing inappropriate placement ? What are some resources and guidelines that parents and students can access to help prevent inappropriate placement?

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