Categories

Category: EDUCATIONAL change

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • From Research to Policy and Practice: The School of the 21st Century

    1/1/07 - Zigler, Edward, Finn-Stevenson, Matia

    Current education reform policies focus on raising academic achievement and ensuring that all students have access to high-quality education. Because the achievement gap is apparent even before children enter school, the authors believe that education reform must encompass the early childhood years. The current dialogue about universal preschool presents an opportunity to address the need for a national system for early care and education. The authors believe this system should provide...

  • How Large an Effect Can We Expect from School Reforms?

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros, Hedges, Larry V.

    Background/Context: Determining the effectiveness of reform strategies is a major part of the current and future educational research agenda. Effects of education reforms will be evaluated largely quantitatively, and an important aspect of this work will be judging how well reform strategies work. The rhetoric of contemporary school reform suggests two somewhat different solutions to the problem of the interpretive frame. One solution is derived from the idea that the goal of school reform...

  • Reengineering Schools For the 21st Century

    1/1/05 - Bassett, Patrick F.

    Discusses how schools should be redesigned to prepare students for the 21st century. How to close the gap between high-quality education for the 21st century and current education standards; Characteristics of a great school, including proficiency, fluencies, multicultural literacy, and high-quality performance; Idea that successful schools organize and assess themselves and their instructional system; Suggestions for initiating educational change in the United States.

  • The Case for Early, Targeted Interventions to Prevent Academic Failure

    1/1/07 - Perez-Johnson, Irma, Maynard, Rebecca

    The persistent achievement gaps among children of different race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the United States represent an issue that has commanded public, policy, and research attention on and off for about 100 years now, and it is once again in the forefront of policy-making agendas. Debates nevertheless abound on the most promising and cost-effective strategies to address the problem. We examine critically the available evidence on the benefits and costs of early childhood...

  • The Clouded Crystal Ball: Trends in Educational Stratification

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L.

    This paper presents the author's opinion on articles about educational stratification and inequalities in the 2001 issue of Sociology of Education. Things look the way they do in the U.S. owing to a school-quality floor that comes with a high standard of living. Different systems of certification involving examinations and licensing are embedded in different systems of schooling and must be understood by means of conceptualizations that respect the systemic context. But to claim that the...

  • The new meaning of educational change

    1/1/91 - Fullan, M.

    This book has been greatly revised and expanded to make it a definitive up-to-date reference for educational innovators involved in educational reform. Sixteen chapters incorporate new theoretical and empirical knowledge about change processes, provide powerful insights into the complexity of reform, and recommend inspiring and practical strategies for lasting improvement: (1) "A Brief History of Educational Change"; (2) "Sources of Educational Change"; (3) "The Meaning of Educational...

  • The Structure and Culture of Information Pathways: Rethinking Opportunity to Learn in Urban High Schools during the Ninth Grade Transition

    1/1/07 - Cooper, Robert, Liou, Daniel D.

    Despite efforts to bridge the racial achievement gap, far too many school children continue to fare poorly in our nation's public schools. Oftentimes urban and low income students are negatively labeled as low-achieving, disadvantaged, and struggling. Because of this, such students frequently receive inferior or deficient information from school officials. This study examines the role of high school counselors as distributors of information and the role they play in influencing students'...

  • Uncertainty and decision making in teaching: Implications for managing line professionals

    1/1/89 - Bacharach, S., Conley, S., T. J. Sergiovanni and J. H. Moore

    Most of this book's 22 chapters were written as background papers that were presented at a national conference on restructuring schooling held at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas, August 18-21, 1987. Framing the chapters of this book is the notion that if rational management systems and theoretical treatises about promoting school excellence do not take into account the realities of the workplace, they will not bring about sustained improvements in our nation's schools. Chapters in...

  • Using Storytelling to Break the Silence That Binds Us to Sameness in Our Schools

    1/1/06 - Caruthers, Loyce

    This qualitative study explores storytelling as a staff development strategy to break the silence surrounding cultural difference in schools and to view differences as key elements of teaching and learning. Stories, interviews, and observations were the data for constructing meaning of existing school cultures with a long history of promoting reform without attention to constructs of race/ethnicity, class, and gender. Findings suggested that (a) stories of urban educators contain historical...

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