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Category: EDUCATIONAL accountability

  • A Critical Race Analysis of the Achievement Gap in the United States: Politics, Reality, and Hope

    1/1/06 - Taylor, Edward

    Federal educational legislation in the United States has focused increased attention on the racial achievement gap between minority and majority students. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation has forced high-stakes accountability in public schools, with the assumption that these policies will create performance pressures on schools to improve achievement. Yet, there is considerable evidence that performance pressures alone are unlikely to reverse long-standing racialized policies and...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Experience of a Middle School

    1/1/07 - Larocque, Michelle

    The accountability imperative requires schools to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs. Florida answered the accountability imperative by instituting statewide objective assessments and assigning grades to schools. The latter move led to several initiatives concerning the practices that improve schools in Florida. This article describes how leadership, community involvement, data-driven decision making, and the celebration of diversity reversed a negative trend in the academic...

  • Districtwide Instructional Reform: Using Sociocultural Theory to Link Professional Learning to Organizational Support

    1/1/08 - Gallucci, Chrysan

    No Child Left Behind Act accountability pressures and calls to close achievement gaps between groups of students have challenged school districts to achieve systemwide instructional improvement. These policies create learning challenges for classroom teachers and for school and district leaders. This article engages questions about organizational support for professional learning in the context of reform initiatives. A theoretical lens--called the Vygotsky Space--is used to analyze case...

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