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Category: EDUCATION -- United States

  • The Educational Status of African American Males in the 21st Century

    1/1/07 - Garibaldi, Antoine M.

    This article assesses the educational attainment of African American males between the 1990s and early 2000s. Beginning with a summary of a 1987-88 study conducted by the author on African American males in the New Orleans Public Schools, national data are provided on the high school graduation rates of African American males and females, as well as trends in their enrollment and degree completion at the undergraduate, graduate and first-professional levels. The data show a growing...

  • The Effects of School Racial and Ethnic Composition on Academic Achievement During Adolescence

    1/1/07 - Lee, Hedwig

    This research examines the effects of school racial and ethnic composition on students' academic achievement in the U.S. using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and hierarchical linear models. This analysis includes Hispanics, which stands apart from other research in this area that has traditionally focused on only Black and White student racial composition. In addition, peer group influences are measured by utilizing the comprehensive peer network data available for all...

  • The Essential Work of Democracy

    1/1/04 - Bush, George W.

    Presents the position of U.S. President George W. Bush on education. Reforms sent to the U.S. Congress upon election, titled No Child Left Behind (NCLB); Achievement gaps between white students and minorities; Figures on government funding during the Bush Administration; Need for higher standards, and measurements for improvement; Flexibility of schools to use federal funding; Vital role of parents and teachers; Evidence that NCLB is working; Figures on improvements in schools across the...

  • The Historiography of Gender and Progressive Education in the United States

    1/1/06 - Weiler, Kathleen

    This article examines the feminist historiography of the progressive education movement over the past 25 years using the Foucauldian conception of genealogy and the theoretical approach of critical feminism. Gender has largely been ignored as a significant category of historical analysis in the historiography of progressive education in the United States. The defining history of progressive education in the United States is still Lawrence Cremin’s 1961 work, The Transformation of the...

  • THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL BIASES ON AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDENTS' EDUCATION

    1/1/05 - Baker, Paula Booker

    Education, at all levels, opens routes to achieve higher incomes, status advancement, and upward social mobility. The goal for most families is to present an opportunity for their children to receive a jump on acquiring knowledge to afford this achievement. Schools within our education system declare they offer a quality education for African American students. This concept will be examined along with the research that maintains schooling for African American students is deliberately...

  • The Impact of the Academic Achievement Gap on the African American Family: A Social Inequality Perspective

    1/1/07 - Leach, Monica T., Williams, Sheara A.

    The academic achievement gap impacts the African American family in various ways. It can influence how African American children experience school; and it has implications for their high school dropout and graduation rates, college attendance, and college completion rates. For parents, the academic achievement gap may influence their own socioeconomic status via their educational attainment, which then has direct implications for their children. The purpose of this article is to present a...

  • The Influence of Differential Community Perceptions on the Provision of Equal Educational Opportunities

    1/1/67 - Anderson, James G., Safar, Dwight

    Through extensive interviews with community members and school personnel in two multicultural Southwestern communities, the authors of this study attempt to demonstrate the importance of perceptions and attitudes in the provision of equal educational opportunity for Spanish-American and Indian children. The findings demonstrate a ubiquitous feeling that Spanish-American and Indian children are less capable of achieving desirable goals than are their Anglo contemporaries. This lack of...

  • The Mathematics Education of African Americans in North Carolina: From The Brown Decision to No Child Left Behind

    1/1/05 - Snipes, Vincent T., Waters, Roderick D.

    The article presents a study which aim is to report on an in-depth case study of a former state mathematics consultant to describe his experiences of the mathematics education of African Americans in public high schools in North Carolina from 1950-1980 and to examine North Carolina African American students' progress in mathematics from the Brown versus the Board of Education Decision to the No Child Left Behind Act Era. The data are analyzed utilizing the critical race theory of education...

  • THE NEW FEDERALISM GOES TO COURT

    1/1/83 - Kirp, David L., Jensen, Donald N.

    The great era of court-mandated educational reform coincided with a more prosperous period in U.S. history, maintain the authors. Different circumstances exist today. The heyday of educational policy making by the courts seems to be over. The landmark events, the desegregation cases, the opinions on student rights, the right-to-education suits, occurred a decade or more ago. The United States Supreme Court signaled that there were limits to the willingness of the judiciary to reshape policy...

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • THE NOTORIOUS G-A-P

    1/1/00 - Lewis, Anne C.

    Focuses on the academic performance gap between Caucasian and minority students in the United States. How results from standardized testing show that the gap has grown throughout the 1990s; Inability of researchers to fully explain why the gap has grown; Findings which indicate that the widening of the academic gap coincided with the appearance of so-called gangsta rap.

  • The Pedagogy of Poverty

    1/1/05

    The article presents the editor's introduction to the December 2005 edition of "Phi Delta Kappan." The author introduces an article on segregation in the American school system by Jonathan Kozol. An article on the issue of discrimination in schooling from the September 1990 issue is reviewed. According to the author, the racial achievement gap in America has not disappeared.

  • Thinking Carefully About Equity and Accountability

    1/1/00 - Scheurich, James Joseph, Skrla, Linda, Johnson, Joseph F.

    Focuses on education in the United States and how children from low-income families, particularly minority families, do not perform as well as children from middle class families. How standardization efforts have met with criticism and approval in their attempts to decrease the learning gap; Suggestion that many educators have given up on children from lower income families; Proposal of ways to deal with the problem using various criteria to develop an effective state program.

  • This Issue: Closing Achievement Gaps: What Will It Take?

    1/1/05 - Uline, Cynthia L., Johnson Jr, Joseph F.

    Discusses whether the U.S. system of public education is structured in a manner that is likely to result in achievement gaps. Access to education in the last half of the 20th century; Enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act; Factors which education systems must accomplish to close achievement gaps.

  • UNDERSTANDING HOW U.S. SECONDARY SCHOOLS SORT STUDENTS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES: ARE ALL STUDENTS BEING SERVED EQUALLY?

    1/1/08 - Mayer, Anysia

    This article reviews the current research literature on how secondary schools sort students for instructional purposes. Current sorting practices are based on early American philosophies of schooling where the goal of school was to provide students with different curricula based on preparation for future occupations. The article reviews the research on the educational consequences of tracking as well as the processes school's use to place students in various courses. The article also...

  • Understanding Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gaps during the First Years of School

    1/1/06 - Murnane, Richard J., Willett, John B., Bub, Kristen L., McCartney, Kathleen

    The article examines the research conducted by Ronald G. Fryer and Steven D. Levitt, focusing on differences by grade in the black-white test score gap in reading and mathematics, based on analyses of data on the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) in the U.S. The types of school quality indicators used are discussed. A comparison between the data sets of ECLS-K and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is also presented.

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