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Category: EDUCATION -- United States

  • Powerful Pedagogy: Learning Communities at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    1/1/08 - Shapiro, Nancy S.

    A recent deluge of national studies and reports warns the United States that our future hangs in the balance because our educational system is failing our society. These studies cite projections that American competitiveness is at risk because we have failed to address a growing demographic inevitability—that the segment of the population that is growing the fastest is comprised of those students who are most at risk in our educational system. An expanding body of research (including the...

  • RACIAL PROMOTION THROUGH RACIAL EXCLUSION

    1/1/00 - Crawford, Curtis

    The article presents information on a report which says that racial disparities in academic achievement are unacceptable in the United States. Racial disparities should be eliminated with all possible speed. The language of the report is emphatic and insistent. Eliminating the large educational achievement gaps among the nation's racial and ethnic groups is the most important educational challenge. In order to increase minority participation, race-based affirmative action has often been...

  • Reclaiming Urban Education

    1/1/01 - Fruchter, Norm

    Focuses on the differences in perception of the deterioration of public education in the United States. Evidence of widespread discontent with urban education; Influence of the publication of the report 'A Nation at Risk' on American education; Status of New York's public education.

  • REDUCING THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/00 - McCombs, Barbara L.

    The article presents information on a report which reviews the promising practices that have been recognized for reducing the achievement gaps for the underrepresented minority groups in the United States. An impressive set of recommendations for accomplishing the goal of "reaching the top" for underrepresented minority students has been offered by the National Task Force on Minority High Achievement. The Task Force indicates the limited presence of students in African American, Latino and...

  • Reengineering Schools For the 21st Century

    1/1/05 - Bassett, Patrick F.

    Discusses how schools should be redesigned to prepare students for the 21st century. How to close the gap between high-quality education for the 21st century and current education standards; Characteristics of a great school, including proficiency, fluencies, multicultural literacy, and high-quality performance; Idea that successful schools organize and assess themselves and their instructional system; Suggestions for initiating educational change in the United States.

  • Secondary Education Systemic Issues: Addressing Possible Contributors to a Leak in the Science Education Pipeline and Potential Solutions

    1/1/05 - Young, Hollie

    To maintain the legacy of cutting edge scientific innovation in the United States our country must address the many pressing issues facing science education today. One of the most important issues relating to science education is the under-representation of African Americans and Hispanics in the science, technology, and engineering workforce. Foreshadowing such under-representation in the workforce are the disproportionately low rates of African American and Hispanic students attaining...

  • Shifting Assessment and Intervention Paradigms for Urban Learners

    1/1/01 - Obiakor, Festus E., Obi, Sunday O., Algozzine, Bob

    Examines the issues faced by urban learners in general and special education programs in the U.S. Factors considered to address the individual differences and build self-concepts of urban students; Relationship between teacher expectation, differential treatment and student-fulfilling prophecy; Basic approaches in the identification and assessment of urban learners.

  • SOCIAL SCIENCE AND THE CITIZEN

    1/1/04 - Lewis, Lionel

    Presents news related to education, aging, employment, and women and violence in the U.S. as of March 2004. Achievement gap among high school graduates; Importance of improving the health of the aging population; Findings of a study on the employment of foreign workers in the U.S.; Risk posed by cohabiting to women.

  • Standards and Equity

    1/1/04 - Muller, Chandra

    The article focuses on the amount and content of knowledge the students get from learning in schools and addresses the issue of equality in education. Certainly, a natural source of the tension between family and school is in the objective of education in their society. The common school is a source of standard and the family a source of difference. The common school is conceived to teach all students, including those from immigrant families, a common language and curriculum. Setting...

  • STATES ADDRESS ACHIEVEMENT GAPS

    1/1/02 - Christie, Kathy

    Discusses educational initiatives in the U.S. to maximize the abilities of all children. Gaps in achievement between groups of students; Strategy in North Carolina that is outlined in the report 'Implementation Plan for Recommendations from the North Carolina Advisory Commission on Raising Achievement and Closing Gaps'; Recommendations, including that the state should reduce and eliminate the disproportionate number of minority students assigned to special education; Legislation in Kentucky...

  • STRUCTURAL INEQUITIES AND THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN URBAN SCHOOLS

    1/1/04 - Talbert-Johnson, Carolyn

    If teachers represent a child's most important asset, they also can be a child's greatest liability, especially in states where a shortage of well-qualified teachers impedes the academic progress of African American students in learning contexts. The author asserts that a transformation in practices must occur in teacher education programs if these programs are to become places where preservice candidates learn to adopt pedagogies that are instrumental in the academic achievement of African...

  • THE AMERICAN SCHOOL DILEMMA: Race and Scholastic Performance

    1/1/97 - Bankston Iii, Carl L., Caldas, Stephen J.

    The article examines the question of how racial composition of schools affects educational outcomes of minority children in the United States. The article adds that if African American students show better performance in predominantly white or racially mixed schools, and if this cannot be accounted for by socioeconomic or other factors, it supports a traditional assimilationist perspective on African American education. One of the key issues in minority-majority relations is the issue of...

  • The Call: The Importance of Research on African American Issues in Mathematics and Science Education

    1/1/05 - Moses-Snipes, Pamela R., Snipes, Vincent T.

    The article reflects on the challenges posed to researchers to close the achievement gap between African American students and their white counterparts in mathematics and science education. It cited several issues that need to be addressed and solved to be able to uplift and motivate African American students to strive, achieve excellence and pursue careers in the mathematics and sciences. The issues cited are historical awareness of the education of African Americans, teacher expectations...

  • The Case for Early, Targeted Interventions to Prevent Academic Failure

    1/1/07 - Perez-Johnson, Irma, Maynard, Rebecca

    The persistent achievement gaps among children of different race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the United States represent an issue that has commanded public, policy, and research attention on and off for about 100 years now, and it is once again in the forefront of policy-making agendas. Debates nevertheless abound on the most promising and cost-effective strategies to address the problem. We examine critically the available evidence on the benefits and costs of early childhood...

  • The Clouded Crystal Ball: Trends in Educational Stratification

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L.

    This paper presents the author's opinion on articles about educational stratification and inequalities in the 2001 issue of Sociology of Education. Things look the way they do in the U.S. owing to a school-quality floor that comes with a high standard of living. Different systems of certification involving examinations and licensing are embedded in different systems of schooling and must be understood by means of conceptualizations that respect the systemic context. But to claim that the...

  • The Diverse Experiences of Hispanic Students in the American Educational System

    1/1/05 - Crosnoe, Robert

    Hispanic students have long been considered at risk in the American educational system. A better understanding of the diverse experiences of Hispanics can help to counteract this risk—in what ways, and where, do they do well or poorly or some mixture of both? To further this understanding, this study applies developmental and demographic perspectives to a representative sample of Hispanic high school students. First, analyses of the sample identified four student profiles based on various...

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