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Category: EDUCATION -- United States

  • COMMENT ON RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN RETURNS ON EDUCATIONAL INVESTMENT IN CALIFORNIA AND TEXAS

    1/1/76

    Comments on a study by Albert Niemi on racial and ethnic variations in rates of return on educational investment in California and Texas. Incorrect estimates of Niemi; Comparison of the methodology used by Niemi and other investigators; Data on rates of return on investment in education for males in 1969.

  • Confronting the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Gardner, David

    The article gives an in-depth look at the achievement gap in the United States educational system in terms of racial divisions. Claims that the gap does not exist are denounced by the author, citing problems of unequal funding and inherent racial prejudices still present in the system. Sociological causes for the discrepancy are listed, such as poverty, generational ideologies and long term effects from racist historical practices. The confrontation of these issues on a national level are...

  • Enabling all students to learn

    1/1/97 - Lewis, Anne C.

    Opinion. Discusses education policy in the United States. Failures of education programs and policies as a major theme of those who oppose federal programs in education; Challenges facing the Title I program; Uncertainty of whether changes can close the academic gap between poor students and those from wealthier families; Features of successful schools that were mentioned in the `Special Strategies' study; Findings of of other education reports.

  • Exacerbating inequality: the failed promise of the No Child Left Behind Act

    1/1/07 - Hursh, David

    The passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) marks the largest intervention of the federal government into education in the history of the United States. NCLB received and continues to receive support, in part because it promises to improve student learning and to close the achievement gap between White students and students of color. However, NCLB has failed to live up to its promises and may exacerbate inequality. Furthermore, by focusing on education as the solution to social and...

  • Family (Dis)Advantage and the Educational Prospects of Better Off African American Youth: How Race Still Matters

    1/1/07 - Gosa, Travis L., Alexander, Karl L.

    While the educational difficulties of poor black students are well documented and have been discussed extensively, the academic performance of well-off African American children has received much less attention. Even with economic and educational resources in the home, well-off African American youth are not achieving at the levels of their white peers. Why is this? A review of relevant literature identifies a set of social processes that pose formidable barriers to the academic and personal...

  • Family Education and Community Power: new structures for new visions in the educational village

    1/1/02 - Breitborde, Mary-Lou, Swiniarski, Louise Boyle

    Noting that differences and inequality of education exist in the United States of America, this paper presents two model educational programs that address the iniquities in American public education. The first model is a collaborative effort of a public school in an urban northeast community, the Robert L. Ford Elementary School of Lynn, Massachusetts, USA and a public supported college of higher education, Salem State College, Salem, Massachusetts, USA, whose joint venture is known as The...

  • Fighting injustice through education

    1/1/04 - Waite, Cally L., Crocco, Margaret Smith

    The article presents findings from research investigating the history of the U.S. black education during the first half of the twentieth century and provides insight into the application of Brian Simon's, an educationist, ideas to different national context. Hundreds of black scholars pursued advanced degrees at a select group of northern research universities with cutting-edge programmes in the field of education. Belief in the political power to be gained through liberal education...

  • FOCUS ON MATHEMATICS

    1/1/06 - Rycik, James A.

    The article focuses on the teaching of mathematics in schools in the United States. A study related to the impact of the intimidation associated with gender stereotypes is discussed. An overview of a study completed by psychologist Matthew S. McGlone of the University of Texas is included. The study suggested that using prompts which remind students of their successes will help narrow the gaps in performance between men and women. Also discussed are the standards of the mathematical...

  • Hispanic Educational Attainment: The Effects of Family Background and Nativity

    1/1/95 - Wojtkiewicz, Roger A., Donato, Katharine M.

    This article investigates two sources of the difference in educational attainment between Hispanics and non-Hispanics: family background and nativity. Hispanics have fewer of the family background characteristics that lead to higher educational attainment. In addition, Hispanics are much more likely to be foreign born, a characteristic related to lower educational attainment. Authors' study examines the degree to which these differences in family background and nativity explain differences...

  • Immigration from Mexico into the Math/Science Pipeline in American Education

    1/1/04 - Crosnoe, Robert, Lopez-Gonzalez, Lorena, Muller, Chandra

    The purpose of this study was to explore generational differences in math/science enrollment and achievement among Mexican-American students and the role of family and school contexts in these differences.We applied survey regression techniques to data from 12,020 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.Native-born Mexican-American students had lower math/science enrollment than their peers, especially after differences in family and school contexts were taken...

  • Intractable Self-Fulfilling Prophecies: Fifty Years After Brown v. Board of Education

    1/1/04 - Weinstein, Rhona S., Gregory, Anne, Strambler, Michael J.

    The civil rights struggle for equal educational opportunity has yet to be achieved at the start of the 21st century. Inequality persists but problem and remedy are reframed-- from integrating schools, to ensuring equal access in resegregated settings, to closing the petformance. gap. As seen through ecological theory (K S. Weinstein, 2002b), complex, multilayered, and interactive negative self-fulfilling prophecies create or perpetuate educational inequities and unequal outcomes. Society has...

  • LAGGING LITERACY

    1/1/01 - Christie, Kathy

    Focuses on efforts to improve literacy rates in the United States. Results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress report, which indicated an increasing gap between higher and lower scoring students; Mention of statistics regarding international literacy levels; Assertion that the U.S. needs to improve literacy standards, assessment and intervention programs; Example of the Texas Reading Initiative and other research-based programs for teaching reading.

  • Legal and educational perspectives of equity in assessment

    1/1/08 - Cumming, J. Joy

    Equity in assessment concerns all educational authorities and practitioners. While educators commonly consider issues of equity in terms of accommodations for students with special needs, or addressing cultural difference, equity issues in educational assessment have emerged outside these bases. This paper examines equity assessment issues, drawing predominantly on case history from the United States of America (US) with examples from Australia and England, to demonstrate areas that may draw...

  • No Child Left Behind: Who Wins? Who Loses?

    1/1/05 - Arce, Josephine, Luna, Debra, Borjian, Ali, Conrad, Marguerite

    The article focuses on the 2002 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, signed by U.S. President George W. Bush, focusing on policy and distribution of funds to public schools. Proponents of the act claim that it aims to close the achievement gap by holding school districts and states accountable, encouraging the use of flexible educational approaches, and supporting parents' rights to school choice. However, one question arises about the means by which the U.S. administration's public school...

  • Opening Exercises--Or Never-Never Land

    1/1/02 - Darling, Wendy

    Presents the opinion of the author about educational achievement gaps in the U.S. Statement that gaps exist because teachers do not believe all children can learn; Her believe that reform rhetoric touts equity as the goal when reform should be the starting point; Motivational speeches; Goals for literacy; Achievement tests; Differences in learning between the rich and poor.

  • PART III: CREATING MULTICULTURAL CLASSROOMS: Under-Prepared Students: Essentials beyond Academics

    1/1/07 - Ford, Theron N., Glimps, Blanche, Giallourakis, Angie

    Teacher education programs continue to struggle with preparing highly qualified teachers ready to meet the academic, cultural, exceptionality and linguistic challenges, which are increasingly the reality of American's classrooms. Despite increased academic rigor in such programs, many emerging teachers are still ill prepared to each effectively students from cultural and racial backgrounds different from their own. The article asserts that this is due in part to a lack of an appropriate...

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