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Category: EDUCATION -- Curricula

  • Achieving Educational Equality Through Curriculum Desegregation

    1/1/90 - Gay, Geneva

    Deals with how to school curricula should be reformed to equalize educational opportunities for culturally different students in the U.S. Emergence of a dual system of access to knowledge and accountability for performance; Persistence of unequal learning opportunities; Discussion on the general pattern of curriculum; Direction of curricula development.

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    The article discusses literacy issues in U.S. urban schools, including the literacy achievement gap and the curriculum gap. The literacy achievement gap refers to the disparity in academic achievement between different groups. The curriculum gap refers to the current reforms related to early literacy instruction, resulting in the absence of or insufficient attention to curriculum elements critical for success in reading and writing. The measures taken by the government to address these...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Math: The Long-Term Effects of Eighth-Grade Algebra

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Recent changes in national and state mathematics standards have increased the level of algebraic thinking taught in younger grades. These changes have prompted more inclusive curriculum designs that open the opportunity to enroll in advanced mathematics courses at younger ages. Of particular interest to this study is the access to eighth-grade algebra, once traditionally reserved for select populations. This study examined long-term academic outcomes for students who did or did not enroll in...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap Through Teacher Collaboration: Facilitating Multiple Trajectories of Teacher Learning

    1/1/07 - Levine, Thomas H., Marcus, Alan S.

    How should district and school leaders improve education for students traditionally underserved by public education: by increasing control over teaching and curriculum, or by empowering groups of teachers to have more collective autonomy, responsibility, and opportunities for professional learning? The second approach-promoting multiple trajectories of learning among groups of teachers-has advantages, as well as some challenges, as a means of closing various achievement gaps. Sociocultural...

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Fighting injustice through education

    1/1/04 - Waite, Cally L., Crocco, Margaret Smith

    The article presents findings from research investigating the history of the U.S. black education during the first half of the twentieth century and provides insight into the application of Brian Simon's, an educationist, ideas to different national context. Hundreds of black scholars pursued advanced degrees at a select group of northern research universities with cutting-edge programmes in the field of education. Belief in the political power to be gained through liberal education...

  • Helping Struggling Middle School Literacy Learners Achieve Success

    1/1/09 - Palumbo, Anthony, Sanacore, Joseph

    Teachers can help minority children close the academic achievement gap in intermediate and middle school by combining literacy instruction and content-area material. This connection improves reading achievement and increases curriculum knowledge, even if students have previously experienced difficulty with primary school reading. Fortunately, upper-elementary and middle-level learners are still naturally curious, are developing cognitively, and have acquired some basic reading skills...

  • Standards and Equity

    1/1/04 - Muller, Chandra

    The article focuses on the amount and content of knowledge the students get from learning in schools and addresses the issue of equality in education. Certainly, a natural source of the tension between family and school is in the objective of education in their society. The common school is a source of standard and the family a source of difference. The common school is conceived to teach all students, including those from immigrant families, a common language and curriculum. Setting...

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • UNDERSTANDING HOW U.S. SECONDARY SCHOOLS SORT STUDENTS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES: ARE ALL STUDENTS BEING SERVED EQUALLY?

    1/1/08 - Mayer, Anysia

    This article reviews the current research literature on how secondary schools sort students for instructional purposes. Current sorting practices are based on early American philosophies of schooling where the goal of school was to provide students with different curricula based on preparation for future occupations. The article reviews the research on the educational consequences of tracking as well as the processes school's use to place students in various courses. The article also...

  • Which Achievement Gap?

    1/1/07 - Anderson, Sharon, Medrich, Elliott, Fowler, Donna

    The article explores the nature of the achievement gap and its relationship to Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The author suggests that while racial elements are certainly present, the common understanding of the gap should extend beyond racial reconciliation and aim at all students which struggle in documented areas. It is implied that the NCLB and AYP set up unfair comparisons between schools at different levels of development. Paradigms...

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