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Category: Achievement

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer A., Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    Adopting an approach shaped by critical race theory (CRT) the paper proposes a radical analysis of the nature of race inequality in the English educational system. Focusing on the relative achievements of White school leavers and their Black (African Caribbean) peers, it is argued that long standing Black/White inequalities have been obscured by a disproportionate focus on students in receipt of free school meals (FSMs). Simultaneously the media increasingly present Whites as race victims...

  • Equity and literacy in the next millennium

    1/1/00 - Au, Kathryn H., Raphael, Taffy E.

    Considerable evidence documents the existence of a gap between the literacy achievement of students of diverse backgrounds and their mainstream peers. Given the increasing diversity of the population of students in classrooms in the US and around the world, the authors believe that the task of addressing the literacy achievement gap will become even more urgent in the new millennium.The challenges posed by the gap are considered in terms of 3 key groups of participants in the process of...

  • Field dependence and the school achievement gap between Anglo-American and Mexican-American children

    1/1/75 - Kagan, Spencer, Zahn, G. Lawrence

    Research supports the hypothesis that field dependence explains the poorer school achievement of Mexican-American children compared to Anglo-American children. To test that hypothesis, multiple regression and path analyses were used to interpret the relationships between culture, field dependence, and school achievement among 134 2nd-, 4th-, and 6th-grade Anglo-American and Mexican-American children. Results indicate that Mexican-Americans were significantly below Anglo-Americans in reading...

  • Identity, Belonging, and Achievement: A Model, Interventions, Implications

    1/1/08 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio

    In this article we discuss how social or group identities affect achievement. We also present a model of identity engagement that describes how a salient social identity can trigger psychological threat and belonging concerns and how these can produce persistent performance decrements, which through feedback loops can increase over time. The character of such processes may be revealed only over time because they are recursive in nature and interact with other factors in chronically...

  • Self-regulation and the income-achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Evans, Gary W., Rosenbaum, Jennifer

    Abstract: The pervasive income-related achievement gap among children has been partially explained by parental investments. Wealthier parents provide more cognitively enriched environments (e.g., books, informal learning opportunities such as music lessons) and converse more with their children relative to low-income parents. However parental investment only partially accounts for the income-achievement gap. On average, low-income children have more difficulty regulating their emotions and...

  • This Issue: Closing Achievement Gaps: What Will It Take?

    1/1/05 - Uline, Cynthia L., Johnson Jr, Joseph F.

    Discusses whether the U.S. system of public education is structured in a manner that is likely to result in achievement gaps. Access to education in the last half of the 20th century; Enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act; Factors which education systems must accomplish to close achievement gaps.

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school?: A report on the effects of race on student achievement in the St. Louis public schools

    1/1/97 - Trent, William T.

    Presents the report submitted to the court during the 1996 Liddell hearings, which is divided into 2 parts and revised to incorporate points raised during W. T. Trent's testimony on March 19, 1996. Part 1 analyzes the effects of race on student achievement and is based on data supplied by the St. Louis Public School District, cohort files covering 4 cohorts of students, and call-in enrollment data files. Data for the effects of race, student background, prior test scores, school...

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