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Category: Academic Achievement

  • School racial composition and academic achievement: the case of Hmong LEP students in the USA

    1/1/08 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    The existence of the achievement gap is more than just a black-white issue; contrary to stereotypes, it is a concern within Asian homes. Hmong students underachieve in comparison with many East Asian students. Traditional cultural practices and poverty have been identified as explanatory factors. Our data suggest that a more critical factor might be within-school segregation. Utilising a racial exposure statistic, it was found that the more diverse a school became, the higher the achievement...

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • Seeking Equity in the Education of California's English Learners

    1/1/04 - Rumberger, Russell W., Gándara, Patricia

    The article provides an abridged version of a report prepared for the lawsuit, <i>Williams v. State of California</i>. The report first examines the achievement gap for English learners in California. Second, it reviews evidence in seven areas in which these students receive a substantially inequitable education vis-à-vis their English-speaking peers, even when those peers are similarly economically disadvantaged. Third, it documents the state's role in creating and perpetuating existing...

  • Separate But Not Yet Equal: The Relation Between School Finance Adequacy Litigation and African American Student Achievement

    1/1/06 - Glen, William J.

    The Black-White achievement gap presents perhaps the most important issue in education. Legal actions play a role in the efforts to reduce and eliminate the gap. School finance adequacy litigation offers the most widely used legal strategy to seek fairer outcomes for children. However, the literature is sparse with regard to the impact such litigation has on student outcomes. This article addresses the extent to which adequacy litigation functions as a means of narrowing the achievement gap...

  • Smooth and rough roads to academic achievement: Retention and race/class disparities in high school

    1/1/06 - Moller, Stephanie, Stearns, Elizabeth, Blau, Judith R., Land, Kenneth C.

    Educational and psychological researchers have long debated the relationship between retention and achievement. However, quantitative research on achievement trajectories has neglected this important variable. Given that retention policies are being institutionalized in schools, it is important to understand the relationship between retention and achievement trajectories. We examine the National Education Longitudinal Study, 1988-1992 to determine if reading and mathematical achievement...

  • Social status and the academic achievement gap: A social dominance perspective

    1/1/01 - Van Laar, Colette, Sidanius, Jim

    In this paper the authors sketch several mechanisms by which low social status is transformed into low academic performance. Using the perspective of social dominance theory, the authors review 3 processes by which this transformation takes place. These processes include (1) the effects of lower economic, cultural, and social capital; (2) the effects of personal and institutional discrimination; and (3) reactions to low social status by members of low status groups. It is argued that members...

  • Social-emotional factors affecting achivement outcomes among disadvantaged students: Closing the achivement gap

    1/1/02 - Becker, Bronwyn E., Luthar, Suniya S.

    Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains. Existing research used ecological models to document social-emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance. This article integrates ideas from various perspectives in a comprehensive and interdisciplinary model that will inform policy makers, administrators, and...

  • Standardized Achievement Tests and English Language Learners: Psychometrics Issues

    1/1/02 - Abedi, Jamal

    Using existing data from several locations across the U.S., this study examined the impact of students' language background on the outcome of achievement tests. The results of the analyses indicated that students' assessment results might be confounded by their language background variables. English language learners (ELLs) generally perform lower than non-ELL students on reading, science, and math--a strong indication of the impact of English language proficiency on assessment. Moreover...

  • STATES ADDRESS ACHIEVEMENT GAPS

    1/1/02 - Christie, Kathy

    Discusses educational initiatives in the U.S. to maximize the abilities of all children. Gaps in achievement between groups of students; Strategy in North Carolina that is outlined in the report 'Implementation Plan for Recommendations from the North Carolina Advisory Commission on Raising Achievement and Closing Gaps'; Recommendations, including that the state should reduce and eliminate the disproportionate number of minority students assigned to special education; Legislation in Kentucky...

  • Still Separate and Unequal: Examining Race, Opportunity, and School Achievement in "Integrated" Suburbs

    1/1/06 - Diamond, John B.

    Recent research examines the Black/White achievement gap in integrated, affluent suburban schools. This gap is particularly vexing more than 50 years after the Brown v. Board of Education (1954) decision emphasized creating educational equity through school desegregation. Drawing on a case study of one suburban school district, this article details the structural, institutional, and symbolic inequalities that characterize such settings and contribute to educational inequality. The case...

  • STRUCTURAL INEQUITIES AND THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN URBAN SCHOOLS

    1/1/04 - Talbert-Johnson, Carolyn

    If teachers represent a child's most important asset, they also can be a child's greatest liability, especially in states where a shortage of well-qualified teachers impedes the academic progress of African American students in learning contexts. The author asserts that a transformation in practices must occur in teacher education programs if these programs are to become places where preservice candidates learn to adopt pedagogies that are instrumental in the academic achievement of African...

  • Student success skills: A promising program to close the academic achievement gap for African American and Latino students

    1/1/07 - Miranda, Alexis, Webb, Linda, Brigman, Greg, Peluso, Paul

    Academic achievement data from four previous Student Success Skills (SSS) studies were aggregated and examined to determine if there were differential effects in improved test scores among White, Latino, and African American students. Results showed that posttest scores for the treatment group were significantly higher than the comparison group in math as well as reading. There were no interactions or main effects for ethnicity. White, Latino, and African American students showed similar...

  • Student Success Skills: A Promising Program to Close the Academic Achievement Gap for African American and Latino Students

    1/1/07 - Miranda, Alexis, Webb, Linda, Brigman, Greg, Peluso, Paul

    Academic achievement data from four previous Student Success Skills (SSS) studies were aggregated and examined to determine if there were differential effects in improved test scores among White, Latino, and African American students. Results showed that posttest scores for the treatment group were significantly higher than the comparison group in math as well as reading. There were no interactions or main effects for ethnicity. White, Latino, and African American students showed similar...

  • Summer reading and the ethnic achievement gap

    1/1/04 - Kim, Jimmy

    A number of studies have shown that low-income and minority students undergo larger summer reading losses than their middle-class and White classmates, and that reading is the only activity that is consistently related to summer learning. The purpose of this study was to explore whether reading books during summer vacation improved fall reading proficiency, and whether access to books increased the volume of summer reading. The results from the multivariate regression analyses suggest that...

  • Tackling Male Underachievement: Enhancing a Strengths-Based Learning Environment for Middle School Boys

    1/1/08 - Clark, Mary Ann, Flower, Kelly, Walton, Jonathan, Oakley, Erin

    During the past decade, there has been an increasing gender achievement gap with male students lagging behind their female counterparts on a number of important indicators of school success. This article examines recommendations and strategies for school counselors working with middle school boys to enhance the learning environment, to promote strengths, and to encourage positive attitudes toward academic achievement and future planning. Collaboration with teachers, administrators, parents...

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American students...

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