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Category: Academic Achievement Motivation

  • Are gifted girls motivationally disadvantaged? Review, reflection, and redirection

    1/1/02 - Dai, David Yun

    Over the past 2 decades, much research on gifted girls has revolved around the issue of whether they, compared to gifted boys, are motivationally disadvantaged in achievement settings. While research and anecdotal evidence seems to support this hypothesis, most recent educational statistics show the closing of the gender gap. In this article, the literature is reviewed and critiqued as to the existence of alleged gender differences, as well as task and social conditions, and putative...

  • Reassessing the "Burden of 'Acting White'": The Importance of Peer Groups in Managing Academic Success

    1/1/03 - Horvat, Erin McNamara, Lewis, Kristine S.

    In 1986 Fordham and Ogbu introduced the idea that Black students continue to underperform in school because of their cultural opposition to "acting White." This notion of the burden of acting White and Ogbu's cultural ecological theory more broadly have provided one of the dominant theories used to explain the Black-White achievement gap. The research presented here offers a reassessment of the burden of acting White and directs researchers to examine the variation to be found in high school...

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