Categories

Category: ACADEMIC achievement

  • Preschool Antecedents of Mathematics Achievement of Latinos: The Influence of Family Resources, Early Literacy Experiences, and Preschool Attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Pushing past the achievement gap: An essay on the language of deficit

    1/1/07 - Ladson-Billings, Gloria

    Despite the intense focus on the achievement gap that exists between African American, Latino, and other students of color and their White counterparts, the achievement gap discourse keeps us locked in the deficit paradigm. This article challenges us to look at the inherent fallacies of the achievement gap discourse and place students' academic struggles in the larger context of social failure including health, wealth, and funding gaps that impede their school success. (PsycINFO Database...

  • Putting the "affirm" into affirmative action: Preferential selection and academic performance

    1/1/00 - Brown, Ryan P., Charnsangavej, Tonyamas, Keough, Kelli A., Newman, Matthew L., Rentfrow, Peter J.

    Two studies explored the relation between academic performance and preferential selection. In Study 1, female participants were led to believe that they had been selected to be leaders in a team problem-solving task because of their gender, because of their gender and ability, or at random. Results showed that women who believed they had been selected because of their gender performed significantly worse on a subsequent problem-solving test than women who believed they had been selected at...

  • Race, class, and educational opportunity: Trends in the socioilogy of education

    1/1/95 - Epps, Edgar G.

    Reviews 52 articles, published 1965–1995, on the effect of social class on educational opportunity for African Americans. Social allocation processes in schools, the relationship of poverty to academic achievement, and educational attainment are considered. The presence of a racial gap in education is also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • Race, inequality and educational accountability: the irony of 'No Child Left Behind'

    1/1/07 - Darling-Hammond, Linda

    The No Child Left Behind Act, the major education initiative of the Bush Administration, was intended to raise educational achievement and close the racial/ethnic achievement gap. Its strategies include focusing schools' attention on raising test scores, mandating better qualified teachers and providing educational choice. Unfortunately, the complex requirements of the law have failed to achieve these goals, and have provoked a number of unintended negative consequences which frequently harm...

  • Race, School Achievement, and Educational Inequality: Toward a Student-Based Inquiry Perspective

    1/1/07 - Wiggan, Greg

    Over the past four decades, there have been numerous discussions on student achievement and school failure. Within this time, the debate over the causes and consequences of racial differences in achievement has been at the heart of the nation's social and political life. The author discusses the major developments in achievement research over the past century and examines the foremost explanations given for racial differences in school performance, namely, genetic deficiency, social class...

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

  • RACIAL PROMOTION THROUGH RACIAL EXCLUSION

    1/1/00 - Crawford, Curtis

    The article presents information on a report which says that racial disparities in academic achievement are unacceptable in the United States. Racial disparities should be eliminated with all possible speed. The language of the report is emphatic and insistent. Eliminating the large educational achievement gaps among the nation's racial and ethnic groups is the most important educational challenge. In order to increase minority participation, race-based affirmative action has often been...

  • Recursive processes in self-affirmation: Intervening to close the minority achievement gap

    1/1/09 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Purdie-Vaughns, Valerie, Apfel, Nancy, Brzustoski, Patricia

    A 2-year follow-up of a randomized field experiment previously reported in Science is presented. A subtle intervention to lesson minority students' psychological threat related to being negatively stereotyped in school was tested in an experiment conducted three times with three independent cohorts (N=133, 149, and 134). The intervention, a series of brief but structured writing assignments focusing students on self-affirming value, reduced the racial achievement gap. Over 2 years, the grade...

  • REDUCING THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/00 - McCombs, Barbara L.

    The article presents information on a report which reviews the promising practices that have been recognized for reducing the achievement gaps for the underrepresented minority groups in the United States. An impressive set of recommendations for accomplishing the goal of "reaching the top" for underrepresented minority students has been offered by the National Task Force on Minority High Achievement. The Task Force indicates the limited presence of students in African American, Latino and...

  • Reducing the gap: Success for all and the achievement of African American students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students. More than 40 studies, including a national randomized experiment, have found positive...

  • Reducing the Gap: Success for All and the Achievement of African American Students

    1/1/06 - Slavin, Robert E., Madden, Nancy A.

    Success for All is a comprehensive reform model that uses cooperative learning, tutoring, family support services, and extensive professional development to help high-poverty schools succeed with their students. This article reviews research on Success for All with African American students, focusing on evidence that Success for All reduces the achievement gap between African American and White students. More than 40 studies, including a national randomized experiment, have found positive...

  • Reducing the Racial Achievement Gap: A Social-Psychological Intervention

    1/1/06 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Apfel, Nancy, Master, Allison

    Two randomized field experiments tested a social-psychological intervention designed to improve minority student performance and increase our understanding of how psychological threat mediates performance in chronically evaluative real-world environments. We expected that the risk of confirming a negative stereotype aimed at one's group could undermine academic performance in minority students by elevating their level of psychological threat. We tested whether such psychological threat could...

  • Review of Black American students in an affluent suburb: A study of academic disengagement

    1/1/05 - Drain, J. Denise

    Reviews the book, <i>Black American students in an affluent suburb: A study of academic disengagement</i> by J. U. Ogbu (see record 2003-04692-000). The purpose of this book is to report findings of a research project that investigated the achievement gap between African American and White students in the community of Shaker Heights, OH. The topic of the racial achievement gap is quite current and interesting to many school administrators, government agencies, and community leaders. The...

  • Review of Improving the quality of education for African-American males: A study of America's urban schools

    1/1/07 - No authorship, indicated

    Reviews the book, Improving the quality of education for African-American males: A study of America's urban schools by George R. Taylor and Thaddeus L. Phillips (2005). This text is designed to assist educators in urban school districts in closing the achievement gap among African-American males. It provides a framework for innovative educators to extrapolate creative methods and strategies for closing this gap. The book demonstrates that African-American males' achievement and standards can...

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