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Category: ACADEMIC achievement

  • Early schooling and academic achievement of African American males

    1/1/03 - Davis, James Earl

    African American males challenge schools in many ways. Perhaps the single most important challenge that has garnered recent attention in research reports, policy documents, and public commentary has been the increasing disparity in the educational achievement of African American males relative to their peers. Although other issues, such as the need to develop programs that promote school readiness, improving teacher education, and providing resources to meet increasing academic standards...

  • Effects of Cultural and Social Structural Factors on the Achievement of White and Chinese American Students at School Transition Points

    1/1/06 - Pearce, Richard R.

    Chinese Americans' high levels of educational achievement have earned them attention as a "model minority" to be emulated by underachieving and underrepresented minority groups. However, the model minority analogy does not adequately explain how this achievement is realized, nor how such information can be used to help other groups close the achievement gap. The ability of both White and Chinese American students to weather school transitions and to remain on track for high achievement and...

  • Effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement

    1/1/08 - Gibb, Sheree J., Fergusson, David M., Horwood, L. John

    This study examined the effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement to age 25. Data were drawn from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1265 individuals born in 1977 in Christchurch, New Zealand. After adjustment for a series of covariates related to school choice, there were significant differences between single-sex and coeducational schools in the size and direction of the gender gap...

  • Elementary School Counselors and Teachers: Collaborators for Higher Student Achievement

    1/1/08 - Sink, Christopher A.

    In this article I contend that elementary school teachers need to work more closely with school counselors to enhance student learning and academic performance and to narrow the achievement gap among student groups. Research showing the influence that counselors can exert on the educational process is summarized. Using the American School Counselor Association's organization framework for structuring counseling and guidance programs, I also illustrate where the educative roles of teachers...

  • Empowerment Groups for Academic Success: An Innovative Approach to Prevent High School Failure for At-Risk, Urban African American Girls

    1/1/05 - Bemak, Fred, Chung, Rita Chi-Ying, Siroskey-Sabdo, Linda A.

    Twenty-first-century urban schools face unique challenges in being culturally responsive and providing quality education to culturally diverse and low-income students. The academic achievement gap for low-income and ethnic youth poses the need for new and innovative interventions by educational institutions. School counselors are in a unique position in schools to assume leadership roles in reducing academic disparity. This article discusses the experience of urban youth identified as being...

  • Eradicating the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Robertson, Harvetta

    The article discusses ways on attaining the goal of abolishing the achievement gap still present among U.S. schools in the 21st century. According to the author, despite of the technological advancements and institutional practices that are research-based, academic achievement and equal learning opportunities for U.S. students are not yet achieved. An overview of the ways to help students associate their knowledge with th instructional content is offered. It also suggests that participation...

  • Eradicating the Achievement Gap: History, Education, and Reformation

    1/1/08 - Allen, Sharonda

    The article discusses how the achievement gap can be abolished through tracing the roots of public school education, a curriculum applicable to all students and through reform efforts of educators. Senior fellow of the J. McDonald Williams Institute defined achievement gap as examining differences in racial and socioeconomic factors affecting student achievement in U.S. schools. An overview of the suggestions for reform efforts of educators is offered. The author suggests that educators must...

  • Evaluating academic outcomes of head start: An application of general growth mixture modeling

    1/1/03 - Booth Kreisman, Michele

    This study intends to illustrate the utility of general growth mixture modeling (GGMM) for evaluation of early childhood education programs, using a sample of children with Head Start experience. In the first analysis of this study growth mixture modeling (GMM) found that children with Head Start experience had two distinct growth patterns. In the second analysis of this study general growth mixture modeling found that children with two or more years of program participation did not have...

  • Examining disparities in mathematics education: Achievement gap or opportunity gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Expanding Opportunities for High Academic Achievement: An International Baccalaureate Diploma Program in an Urban High School

    1/1/08 - Mayer, Anysia P.

    The article discusses the implementation of Jefferson High School's International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Program in California. The program was established in 1993 as a magnet Program for Portville Unified School District and has instituted various academic and social support mechanisms that motivate students to pursue challenging curriculum. It also offers an overview of the literature documenting the academic achievement gap between high-achieving Latino and African American students.

  • Explanatory factors of the Black achievement gap in Montréal's public and private schools: A multivariate analysis

    1/1/09 - Caldas, Stephen J., Bernier, Sylvain, Marceau, Richard

    This exploratory analysis uses multiple regression modeling to help shed light on the correlates of the Black achievement gap in Montréal’s public and private secondary schools. Using school-level testing data from Québec’s Ministry of Education, the authors show that there is a Black achievement gap, and that this gap is highly associated with school socio-economic status, peer family structure, and average age of the student body’s...

  • Family involvement in school and low-income children's literacy: Longitudinal associations between and within families

    1/1/06 - Dearing, Eric, Kreider, Holly, Simpkins, Sandra, Weiss, Heather B.

    Longitudinal data from kindergarten to 5th grade on both family involvement in school and children's literacy performance were examined for an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 281). Within families, increased school involvement predicted improved child literacy. In addition, although there was an achievement gap in average literacy performance between children of more and less educated mothers if family involvement levels were low, this gap was nonexistent if family involvement...

  • Family Must Be a Part of the Solution in Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Darling, Sharon

    The article focuses on the study which examines the role of the family in closing the achievement gap of students. Some people believe that creating more school programs that separate low-income children form their parents would solve problems that students may have. According to the study released by Paul Von Hippel, students in year-round schools do not learn more than their peers in traditional nine-month schools. The research also shows that parental involvement has made a positive...

  • Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

    1/1/85 - Vandamme, Thomas H., Schwartz, Steven

    Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between...

  • Framing African American Students' Success and Failure in Urban Settings

    1/1/08 - Lewis, Chance W., James, Marlon, Hancock, Stephen, Hill-Jackson, Valerie

    Grounded in critical race theory, this article seeks to frame the ideological positions of success and failure for African American students in urban school settings. First, we revisit national data and research literature that illustrate the ongoing urban Black-White achievement gap. Second, the Matrix of Achievement Paradigms is shared in an attempt to advance the conversation on African American students' achievement. It provides a serviceable organizational tool for framing African...

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